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Table 5 List of significant and appreciable effects of baseline validation

From: The effect of directional inertias added to pelvis and ankle on gait

Measure Parameter Speed NL BSLN
Energetics -   - -
Gait parameters Stride length [m]   0.67 ± 0.04 0.70 ± 0.05*
1.5 km/h 0.52 ± 0.06 0.58 ± 0.08*
(0.05)
Joint angles Left plantar flexion RoM [deg]   25.2 ± 3.5 28.0 ± 5.4*
LHip flexion RoM [deg] 1.5 km/h 29.8 ± 2.5 31.7 ± 3.7
4.5 km/h 42.0 ± 3.4+ 42.4 ± 3.5
Segment Motions Pos pelvis AP RoM [mm] 1.5 km/h 53.5 ± 10.0 63.5 ± 11.7*
Acc pelvis ML RoM [m/s2]   1.50 ± 0.22 1.63 ± 0.29*
Pos HAT AP RoM [mm] 1.5 km/h 41.3 ± 8.9 48.8 ± 9.3*
Pos Left foot RoM [mm] 1.5 km/h 546.71 ± 77.23 612.50 ± 88.64*
(41.23)
EMG Soleus   0.09 ± 0.02 0.09 ± 0.02*
  Biceps femoris – mid stance 4.5 km/h 0.14 ± 0.05 0.12 ± 0.05*
  1. * Significantly different from NL (p < 0.05).
  2. Bold: change larger than the average intra subject variability given in brackets.
  3. Minimum added inertia is compared with no load; the table lists significant main effects (independent of speed) and significant interaction effects with speed, but only at speeds that were significant in pair wise comparisons.