Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients

From: Virtual reality for the rehabilitation of the upper limb motor function after stroke: a prospective controlled trial

Patients   ULC therapy (n=113) RFVE therapy (n=263) p-value
Sex (M/F)   72/41 (64%/36%) 157/106 (60%/40%) 0.5 a
Age (years ± SD)   65.4 ± 12.5 60.2 ± 14.3 <0.001 b
Ischemic/hemorrhagic stroke   82/31 (73%/27%) 188/75 (71%/29%) 0.6 a
Affected hemisphere (R/L)   58/55 (51%/49%) 126/137 (48%/51%) 0.7 a
Upper limb motor impairment Severe (F-M UE≤20) 19 (17%) 35 (13%) 0.6 a
  Moderate (21≤F-M UE≤40) 29 (26%) 72 (27%) 0.9 a
  Mild (F-M UE>40) 65 (57%) 156 (59%) 0.8 a
Stroke to Rehabilitation Interval ≤ 3 months 32 (28%) 68 (26%) 0.7 a
  3 < months < 12 57 (50%) 113 (43%) 0.2 a
  ≥ 12 months 24 (21%) 82 (31%) 0.1 a
  1. Values are expressed as numbers and percentages. ULC Upper Limb Conventional, RFVE Reinforced Feedback in Virtual Environment, F-M UE Fugl-Meyer Upper Extremity.
  2. a χ2 test.
  3. b t-test.