Skip to main content

Table 1 Subject characteristics and spatiotemporal gait parameters

From: Association between toe flexor strength and spatiotemporal gait parameters in community-dwelling older people

  Mean ± S.D. Range
Age, years 73.2 ± 4.2 63–88
Sex, women, n (%) 53 (57.4)  
Body weight, kg 56.0 ± 10.8 37.1–88.4
Body height, cm 155.3 ± 8.8 139.7–175.4
BMI, kg/m2 23.1 ± 3.2 15.1–35.9
LSA 78.8 ± 18.1 44–120
Falling in past 12 months, n (%) 19 (20.4)  
Medical conditions, n (%)   
  Osteoarthritis 15 (16.1)  
  Rheumatoid arthritis 1 (1.1)  
  Hypertension 41 (44.1)  
  Diabetes mellitus 7 (7.5)  
  Heart disease 8 (8.7)  
Number of medications, n 2.0 ± 1.6 0–6
Strength of hand grip, kg 27.7 ± 6.7 15.3–42.5
Strength of toe flexor, kg 7.5 ± 4.5 1.4–26.0
Usual-pace walking   
  Walking speed, m/s 1.42 ± 0.19 0.91–1.95
  Cadence, steps/min 125.9 ± 10.2 99.2–145.8
  %Swing time 40.77 ± 1.94 34.57–45.57
  Stride length, m 1.35 ± 0.14 1.02–1.67
Fast-pace waking   
  Walking speed, m/s 1.72 ± 0.23 1.04 – 2.35
  Cadence, steps/min 137.8 ± 11.9 111.1–168.1
  %Swing time 41.61 ± 2.07 35.61–46.50
  Stride length, m 1.50 ± 0.17 1.02–1.84
  1. Values are means ± standard deviation or number of subjects (percentages) as indicated. Spatiotemporal gait parameters were averaged from five consecutive gait cycles. S.D. = Standard deviation; BMI = Body mass index; LSA = Life-space assessment; %Swing time = Percent of swing time in gait cycle.