Skip to main content

Table 3 Kinematic variable scores at three assessment points (mean and standard deviation) and statistical significance values

From: Home-based Computer Assisted Arm Rehabilitation (hCAAR) robotic device for upper limb exercise after stroke: results of a feasibility study in home setting

Kinematic variable Baseline A0 Post-use A1 Final A2 Significance Significance Significance Significance
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) A0A1A2 A0A1 A0A2 A1A2
Near reach Far reach Near reach Far reach Near reach Far reach Near reach Far reach Near reach Far reach Near reach Far reach Near reach Far reach
Movement time 0.48 0.66 0.42 0.48 0.37 0.46 0.105 0.006 n/a 0.036 n/a 0.008 n/a 0.460
(0.20) (0.33) (0.16) (0.17) (0.11) (0.11)
Path Length 154.00 188.53 141.31 164.70 126.01 161.05 0.011 0.015 0.112 0.061 0.011 0.027 0.140 0.650
(51.42) (49.5) (39.45) (38.35) (18.28) (20.75)
Normalised Jerk 393.20 453.83 276.79 385.62 282.35 349.68 0.038 0.091 0.069 n/a 0.023 n/a 1.000 n/a
(173.01) (179.15) (114.59) (149.56) (144.82) (93.06)
  1. Movement time – in sec.
  2. Path Length – in mm.
  3. Normalised Jerk – no units.
  4. n/a – not applicable.