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Table 2 Outcome measures overview a

From: Retraining and assessing hand movement after stroke using the MusicGlove: comparison with conventional hand therapy and isometric grip training

  Baseline measure Change in outcome measure pre- to post-training Repeated measures ANOVA P Between Training types P pre-to-post training
Outcome Measure   MGL TTE ITR   MGL vs TTE MGL vs ITR ITR vs TTE MGL TTE ITR
Box and Block Test (blocks/min) 28.4 ± 15.8 3.21 ± 3.82 -.29 ± 2.27 .083 ± 4.75 .071 .010b .092 .440 .009b .384 .477
Arm Motor Fugl-Meyer (out of 66) 53.2 ± 7.29 .875 ± 3.19 .750 ± 2.14 1.83 ± 2.37 .571 .460 .220 .184 .191 .134 .013
Wolf Motor Score 2.87 ± .290 .101 ± .141 .040 ± .079 .056 ± .127 .466 .155 .269 .350 .014b .061 .088
Wolf Motor Time (seconds) 13.4 ± 11.5 -1.58 ± 3.13 -1.38 ± 3.05 -2.29 ± 3.84 3.83 .447 .253 .274 .061 .081 .037
Action Research Arm Test 38.1 ± 14.8 .875 ± 2.85 .167 ± 4.12 1.41 ± 3.44 .223 .344 .367 .277 .166 .448 .100
9-Hole Peg (Pegs-minute) 7.10 ± 6.45 2.14 ± 2.98 -.855 ± 1.29 1.47 ± 4.55 0.011b .005b .370 .069 .015b .026 .153
Key pinch (kg force) 3.90 ± 1.85 0.417 ± 2.17 -.200 ± 3.41 .754 ± 1.06 .646 .341 .353 .203 .269 .425 .019
Index pincer (kg force) 1.55 ± .880 .146 ± .463 .092 ± .672 .200 ± .347 .881 .419 .373 .345 .160 .330 .041
Middle pincer (kg force) 1.68 ± 1.02 -.007 ± .686 .154 ± .668 .344 ± .712 .714 .322 .134 .238 .487 .230 .069
Ring pincer (kg force) 1.09 ± .871 .039 ± .414 .183 ± .783 .311 ± .763 .644 .340 .135 .380 .380 .227 .102
Little pincer (kg force) .601 ± .641 -.108 ± .240 .100 ± .537 .175 ± .667 .899 .175 .100 .415 .081 .275 .201
  1. Abbreviations: MGL, MusicGlove; ITR, IsoTrainer; TTE, Tabletop exercises (control).
  2. aValues are given as means ± standard deviations.
  3. bP < .05/3.