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Table 2 Mean Time (msec) at Which Peak Electromyogram Occurred After the Firing of the Solenoid of the Pneumatic Piston

From: Analysis of right anterolateral impacts: the effect of head rotation on the cervical muscle whiplash response

  Muscle EMG   
  Sternocleidomastoid Splenius Capitis Trapezius
Acceleration (m/s2) Left Right Left Right Left Right
Right Head Rotation       
4.0 479 (298) 599 (374) 247 (46) 264 (374) 223 (20) 228 (28)
7.6 379 (281) 569 (263) 225 (36) 224 (32) 211 (28) 227 (24)
10.7 363 (212) 547 (414) 219 (36) 219 (30) 206 (31) 224 (35)
13.0 321 (225) 521 (349) 210 (35) 211 (23) 196 (30) 210 (26)
Left Head Rotation       
4.0 526 (342) 687 (433) 243 (34) 822 (511) 281 (90) 664 (255)
7.6 255 (72) 576 (141) 227 (19) 704 (365) 267 (42) 262 (60)
10.7 245 (34) 521 (240) 223 (27) 631 (225) 256 (57) 246 (58)
13.0 244 (25) 510 (284) 215 (32) 608 (208) 249 (52) 218 (55)
  1. Values in parentheses represent one standard deviation.