Secondary Torques During Ankle Flexion/Extension. The top graphs show the secondary joint torques for the stroke (red) and control (blue) groups expressed in %MVT for ankle flexion (left) and ankle extension (right). The stick figures show the primary joint direction (green) as well as the secondary torques of the control (blue) and stroke (red) for the secondary joint torques that are significantly greater than zero. Abduction is denoted as a circled dot (out of the page), adduction is denoted a circled X (into the page). The bottom graph shows the EMG activity for the stroke (red) and control (blue) groups expressed in % maximum value during ankle flexion MVT (left) and ankle extension MVT (right). Error bars represent 95% confidence interval. Significant differences between groups (p < 0.05) are denoted *. Tib Ant – tibilias anterior, Gas – gastrocnemius, Bi Fem – biceps femoris, Vast Med – vastus medialis, Rect Fem – rectus femoris, Glut Max -gluteus maximus, Glut Med – gluteus medius, Add Long – adductor longus.