Skip to main content

Table 2 Clinical evaluation outcomes from the Disability of arm shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire, SF-36 eight domain scores, ULTT3 (number of positive tests) pain threshold scores (values in brackets are normalized to third nail bed; D3), grip and pinch-grip strength for the at-risk, NSAP and LE groups.

From: Motor unit potential morphology differences in individuals with non-specific arm pain and lateral epicondylitis

  At-risk NSAP LE
  n Mean ± SD n Mean ± SD n Mean ± SD
DASH       
   Disability score 8 0.66 ± 1.29* 16 23.83 ± 12.96** 11 32.39 ± 15.10**
   Work module 8 0.00 ± 0.00* 15 35.22 ± 31.59** 11 28.98 ± 26.56
   Sport/art module 4 0.00 ± 0.00* 9 68.06 ± 29.22** 7 56.3 ± 27.2**
SF-36       
   Physical functioning 8 97.50 ± 3.78* 15 82.00 ± 18.01** 11 75.45 ± 17.39**
   Role physical 8 100.00 ± 0.0* 16 62.50 ± 38.76** 11 50.00 ± 41.83**
   Bodily pain 8 88.50 ± 10.35* 16 57.38 ± 18.75** 11 47.36 ± 21.72**
   General health 8 84.88 ± 5.51 16 73.12 ± 20.04 11 68.27 ± 20.65
   Vitality 8 73.75 ± 11.88* 16 61.56 ± 18.86 11 53.18 ± 19.01**
   Social functioning 8 98.44 ± 4.42 16 84.38 ± 17.38 11 77.27 ± 31.03
   Emotional role 8 83.33 ± 30.86 16 83.33 ± 32.20 11 81.82 ± 27.34
   Mental health 8 88.00 ± 9.32 16 76.50 ± 16.58 11 73.09 ± 16.88
ULLT3 (n positive) 8 0 16 0 11 5
Pain Threshold (kg/cm2)       
   D3 8 10.38 ± 5.87 16 12.87 ± 5.95 11 15.03 ± 6.23
   ECRB 8 8.03 ± 4.82 (77%)* 16 5.78 ± 3.49 (45%)** 11 7.34 ± 4.16 (49%)
   FCR 8 10.74 ± 6.73 (103%) 16 9.18 ± 5.06 (71%) 11 9.72 ± 4.86 (65%)
   BB 8 8.48 ± 3.59 (82%) 16 9.08 ± 4.74 (71%) 11 10.65 ± 6.24 (71%)
   TB 8 9.34 ± 4.72 (90%)* 16 8.28 ± 5.02 (64%)** 11 12.58 ± 6.72 (84%)
Grip strength (kg) 8 31.75 ± 5.56 16 33.95 ± 13.06 11 33.02 ± 12.53
Pinch-grip strength (kg) 8 7.39 ± 7.62 16 9.41 ± 3.89 11 11.14 ± 4.28
  1. Parameters marked with * are significantly different from the other groups parameters marked with ** (p < 0.05)