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Table 1 Checklist of criteria/guidelines for robotic and sensor rehabilitation technology, based on motor learning principles

From: Technology-assisted training of arm-hand skills in stroke: concepts on reacquisition of motor control and therapist guidelines for rehabilitation technology design

Criteria related to therapy approaches
   - Training should address function, activity and participation levels by offering strength training, task-oriented/CIMT training, bilateral training.
   - Training should happen in the natural environmental context.
   - Frequent movement repetition should be included.
   - Training load should be patient and goal-tailored (differentiating strength, endurance, co-ordination).
   - Exercise variability should be on offer.
   - Distributed and random practise should be included.
Criteria related to motivational aspects
   - Training should include fun & gaming, should be engaging
   - The active role of the patient in rehabilitation should be stimulated by:
therapist independence on system use.
individual goal setting that is guided to be realistic.
self-control on delivery time of exercise instructions and by feedback that is guided to support motor learning.
control in training protocol: exercise, exercise material, etc.
Criteria related to feedback on exercise performance
   - KR (average & summary feedback) and KP should be available (objective standardized assessment of exercise performance is necessity).
   - Progress Components:
fading frequency schedule (from short to long summary/average lengths)
from prescriptive to descriptive feedback
from general (e.g. sequencing right components) to more specific feedback (range of movement, force application, etc)
from simple to more complex feedback (according to cognitive level).
   - Empty time slot for performance evaluation before and after giving feedback.
   - Guided self-control on timing delivery feedback.
   - Feedback on error and correct performance.