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Table 4 Control and neuropathic group foot sub-segments' and ankle's joint rotations

From: Characterizing multisegment foot kinematics during gait in diabetic foot patients

  Joint/Segments Hindfoot-Tibia Midfoot-Hinfoot Forefoot-Midfoot Ankle
  Rotation [deg] I/E Int/Ext D/P I/E Int/Ext D/P I/E Int/Ext D/P I/E Int/Ext D/P
C Range 5.5 2.2 15.9 4.2 3.6 4.6 4.2 3.9 16.0 11.5 6.1 25.9
  SD min 2.3 1.0 1.8 1.5 1.1 2.0 1.3 0.8 3.7 1.6 1.1 1.3
  SD max 4.4 2.6 4.7 3.4 3.3 6.8 3.2 3.4 9.1 7.1 4.2 4.7
  SD mean 3.0 1.8 3.1 2.3 1.8 3.8 2.1 2.0 5.7 3.4 2.3 3.0
N Range 11.3 12.7 3.4 9.1 1.8 9.3 16.2 9.9 55.2 16.2 12.5 48.8
  SD min 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
  SD max 1.9 4.6 2.9 3.8 7.2 3.6 9.9 6.4 16.7 3.6 9.9 25.1
  SD mean 0.5 0.8 1.04 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.7 1.6 0.7 0.6 1.7
  1. C= control group; N= neuropathic group; Standard deviation = SD; Inversion-Eversion = I/E, Dorsi/Plantarflexion = D/P, Int/Ext Rotation= Internal/External