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Table 3 Overview of Total Maximal Voluntary Torques (MVTs)

From: Effects of intensive arm training with the rehabilitation robot ARMin II in chronic stroke patients: four single-cases

MVT§ (Nm) Baseline Post-
therapy
Difference Follow up
(6 mt)
Difference Total
change
S1: 17.6 ± 7.5 31.6 ± 9.0 +14.0 36.4 ± 10.9 +4.8 +18.8
S2: 6.1 ± 5.2 14.4 ± 3.4 +8.3 12.9 ± 5.2 -1.5 +6.8
S3: 9.6 ± 6.7 22.4 ± 10.7 +12.7 19.2 ± 13.3 -3.2 +9.6
S4: 2.6 ± 2.0 8.3 ± 3.4 +5.7 3.4 ± 2.9 -4.9 +0.8
  1. Note: An increase in Nm indicates improvement in muscle torque. S1 - S4 means subject 1 to 4.
  2. §Total of maximal voluntary torques (Nm): Consists of 6 different torque measurements (shoulder flexion - extension; horizontal shoulder rotation; elbow flexion - extension).
  3. †Difference of Nm between baseline and post-test.
  4. ‡Difference of Nm between post-test and follow up.