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Table 4 Data on the Subjects at Admission

From: Effects of intensive arm training with the rehabilitation robot ARMin II in chronic stroke patients: four single-cases

  S1 S2 S3 S4
Gender Male female male male
Age 39 60 54 58
Handedness (before stroke) Right right right right
Hemisphere of unilateral stroke Right right right right
Diagnosis of stroke ischemic media insult right,
bleeding into Ncl. Lentiformis
ischemic media insult right,
in the temporal dorsal brain
ischemic insult
in the right PCA*
ischemic media
insult right
Months post-stroke (at entrance) 12 131 22 16
Reflex Status (0/+/++/+++) ++ +++ +++ +++
Sensation, pin prick, C4-T1 (0-24) 20 22 24 7
F. Independence Measure (18-126) 103 121 112 90
Fugl-Meyer Assessment UL (0-66) 21 24 11 9
Wolf Motor Function Test (0-5) 1.80 2.07 1.01 0.35
Catherine Bergego Scale (0-30) 5 4 12 16
Modified Asworth Scale (0-5)     
   Elbow 0 3 3 3
   Wrist 0 3 3 3
   Finger 2 3 3 3
  1. Note: Tests refer to the impaired body side. Functional Independence Measure: 18 = being completely dependent, 126 = acting completely independent. Wolf Motor Function Test: 0 = no motor functions, 75 = normal motor functions. Fugl-Meyer Assessment: 0 = no motor functions, 66 = normal motor functions. Catherine Bergego Scale: Neglect: 0 = normal, 30 = severe neglect. Modified Asworth: 0 =no spasticity, 5 = severe spasticity. Reflex Status: 0 = no reflex, '+' = moderate reflex,
  2. '++' = normal reflex, '+++' = vigorous reflex. Sensation, pin prick C4 to T1: absent = 0, impaired = 1, normal = 2, max 24.