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Table 1 MTC and VelMTC values at slopes

From: Toe clearance and velocity profiles of young and elderly during walking on sloped surfaces

   Young (N = 9) mean (SD) Elderly (N = 8) mean (SD) p values
  Slope(°) MTC Velocity MTC Velocity MTC Velocity
Min -3 0.39 (0.28) 3.55 (0.28) 0.39 (0.31) 2.84 (1.03) 1.00 0.04*
  0 0.33 (0.25) 3.52 (0.34) 0.35 (0.30) 3.05 (1.05) 1.00 0.04*
  +3 0.27 (0.29) 3.61 (0.33) 0.23 (0.23) 3.06 (1.13) 1.00 0.03*
Max -3 2.96 (1.23)b 4.15 (0.27)a 2.85 (0.55) 3.72 (0.92) 0.84 0.13
  0 2.43 (0.75) 4.28 (0.23)a 2.84 (0.74) 3.83 (0.87) 0.83 0.16
  +3 1.93 (0.66)b 4.28 (0.28) 2.50 (0.69) 3.84 (0.91) 0.89 0.18
Median -3 1.36 (0.72)b 3.90 (0.27) 1.09 (0.42) 3.39 (0.99) 1.00 0.04*
  0 1.03 (0.55) 3.96 (0.25) 1.01 (0.45) 3.47 (0.98) 1.00 0.06
  +3 0.77 (0.37)b 3.95 (0.30) 0.88 (0.40) 3.47 (1.00) 1.00 0.08
Mean -3 1.37 (0.71)b 3.90 (0.27) 1.13 (0.39) 3.39 (0.99) 1.00 0.04*
  0 1.06 (0.56) 3.96 (0.25) 1.06 (0.44) 3.48 (0.98) 1.00 0.06
  +3 0.79 (0.36)b 3.95 (0.30) 0.91 (0.38) 3.47 (1.00) 1.00 0.07
STD -3 0.38 (0.16)b 0.09 (0.01) 0.34 (0.08) 0.12 (0.03) 1.00 1.00
  0 0.31 (0.11) 0.10 (0.02) 0.32 (0.12) 0.11 (0.02) 1.00 1.00
  +3 0.24 (0.06)b 0.10 (0.02) 0.31 (0.08) 0.11 (0.03) 1.00 1.00
IQR -3 0.48 (0.25) 0.12 (0.02) 0.42 (0.11) 0.14 (0.04) 1.00 1.00
  0 0.37 (0.15) 0.12 (0.02) 0.36 (0.14) 0.14 (0.03) 1.00 1.00
  +3 0.30 (0.05) 0.13 (0.02) 0.37 (0.12) 0.14 (0.03) 1.00 1.00
Skewness -3 0.72 (0.70) -0.31 (0.43) 0.94 (0.53) -0.58 (0.73) 0.99 1.00
  0 0.89 (0.64) -0.34 (0.29) 1.33 (0.85) -0.15 (0.35) 0.98 1.00
  +3 0.83 (0.45) -0.04 (0.26) 1.14 (1.07) -0.06 (0.39) 0.99 1.00
Kurtosis -3 5.33 (3.05) 4.09 (1.67) 5.44 (2.00) 5.81 (3.60) 0.70 0.30
  0 5.54 (2.46) 4.60 (1.27) 8.66 (6.38) 3.90 (1.16) 0.86 0.39
  +3 5.04 (1.90) 3.54 (0.61) 8.72 (8.40) 4.10 (1.34) 0.53 0.87
Mode -3 0.94 (0.70) 3.84 (0.33) 0.86 (0.39) 3.35 (1.05) 1.00 0.05*
  0 0.71 (0.70) 3.79 (0.33) 0.92 (0.39) 3.46 (0.92) 1.00 0.06
  +3 0.56 (0.37) 3.85 (0.40) 0.73 (0.48) 3.33 (1.16) 1.00 0.05*
Q1 -3 1.11 (0.61) 3.84 (0.27) 0.89 (0.40) 3.32 (1.00) 1.00 0.04*
  0 0.86 (0.51) 3.90 (0.25) 0.84 (0.42) 3.41 (0.99) 1.00 0.04*
  +3 0.63 (0.35) 3.88 (0.31) 0.70 (0.36) 3.40 (1.02) 1.00 0.04*
Q3 -3 1.59 (0.84) 3.96 (0.26) 1.32 (0.41) 3.46 (0.97) 1.00 0.06
  0 1.23 (0.61) 4.02 (0.25) 1.21 (0.48) 3.55 (0.97) 1.00 0.08
  +3 0.92 (0.37) 4.01 (0.29) 1.07 (0.43) 3.54 (0.99) 1.00 0.09
UQR -3 1.37 (0.59) 0.19 (0.05) 1.54 (0.63) 0.26 (0.08) 1.00 1.00
  0 1.21 (0.42) 0.27 (0.05) 1.63 (0.75) 0.28 (0.10) 0.99 1.00
  +3 1.00 (0.45) 0.27 (0.14) 1.43 (0.70) 0.31 (0.17) 0.99 1.00
LQR -3 0.72 (0.39)b 0.30 (0.11) 0.50 (0.16) 0.48 (0.20) 1.00 1.00
  0 0.53 (0.27) 0.38 (0.11) 0.49 (0.19) 0.36 (0.13) 1.00 1.00
  +3 0.36 (0.14)b 0.27 (0.07) 0.47 (0.15) 0.34 (0.14) 1.00 1.00
  1. Descriptive statistics of MTC and VelMTC of the young and elderly group walking at -3°, 0°, +3° slopes. asignificantly different between -3° and 0° at p < 0.01. bsignificantly different between -3° and +3° at p < 0.01. *significant ageing effect at p < 0.05.