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Table 2 Main results about the lateral bending movement.

From: Effect of obesity and low back pain on spinal mobility: a cross sectional study in women

   C O cLBP  
Frontal Plane   Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) ANOVA
Lateral trunk inclination (βLTI) [deg] START -0.2 (1.0) 0.7 (1.5) 0.5 (1.7) § NS
  ROM (**,***) 77.8 (13.7) 80.7 (8.0) 60.7 (21.3) p = 0.005
Pelvic obliquity (β1) [deg] START -0.5 (1.7) 0.0 (1.6) -0.2 (2.6) § NS
  ROM 12.1 (2.6) 15.2 (4.8) 11.7 (5.6) § NS
Lumbar curve (βDC) [deg] START 1.9 (4.6) 2.1 (3.1) 1.5 (5.5) NS
  ROM (**,***) 46.0 (7.0) 43.9 (11.3) 29.4 (11.8) p = 0.0007
Lumbar movement (β2) [deg] START -1.9 (1.7) -0.9 (3.0) -1.1 (4.2) § NS
  ROM 20.1 (8.2) 26.6 (9.3) 21.3 (16.8) § NS
Thoracic curve (βPC) [deg] START 2.2 (2.3) 0.4 (3.1) 0.1 (3.2) NS
  ROM (*,**,***) 42.2 (9.0) 31.3 (9.0) 23.0 (8.9) p = 0.00004
Thoracic movement (β3) [deg] START 2.7 (2.4) 2.8 (2.6) 1.4 (5.3) NS
  ROM (**,***) 59.2 (9.7) 50.5 (11.8) 35.5 (12.9) p = 0.00007
Symmetry [deg]   -1.4 (2.5) 0.6 (5.2) 2.5 (6.8) NS
COR weight (*,**) Zone 2 Zone 5 Zone 5 § p = 0.012
  1. Positive values were used in case of right bending of the segment.
  2. § Kruskall-Wallis ANOVA,
  3. * differences between C and O (P < 0.05)
  4. ** differences between C and LBP (P < 0.05)
  5. *** differences between O and LBP (P < 0.05).