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Table 4 Hip kinematic parameters

From: Gait kinematic analysis in patients with a mild form of central cord syndrome

  CCS group (n = 12) Control Group (slow speed) (n = 20)  
Variable Units Mean SD Mean SD P value
HIP FLEXION-EXTENSION
Flexion at initial contact degrees 40.20 ±9.11 38.68 ±6.41 0.584
Max. flex. in stance phase degrees 41.24 ±9.61 39.00 ±6.28 0.430
Min. flex. in stance phase degrees 4.14 ±8.69 4.15 ±6.41 0.998
Flexion at toe off degrees 17.60 ±10.17 17.92 ±6.39 0.913
Max. flex. in swing phase degrees 42.70 ±8.79 39.45 ±6.20 0.229
Min. flex. in swing phase degrees 17.45 ±9.96 17.92 ±6.39 0.870
Range of motion degrees 39.39 ±6.27 36.26 ±4.18 0.099
Time at max. flex. in stance phase % cycle 4.57 ±3.71 1.53 ±1.65 0.003
Time at min. flex. in stance phase % cycle 55.48 ±2.82 57.17 ±1.74 0.044
Time at flexion toe off % cycle 68.41 ±4.58 69.20 ±1.81 0.573
Time at max. flex. in swing phase % cycle 93.03 ±2.71 92.90 ±3.32 0.911
Time at min. flex. in swing phase % cycle 68.84 ±5.11 69.21 ±1.81 0.813
HIP ADDUCTIO-ABDUCTION
Abd. at initial contact degrees 4.44 ±2.61 2.56 ±2.30 0.041
Max. add. in stance phase degrees 3.99 ±2.69 3.30 ±2.32 0.451
Max. abd in stance phase degrees 6.83 ±2.77 7.63 ±1.92 0.339
Adduction at toe off degrees -4.36 ±3.61 -7.44 ±2.05 0.016
Max. add in swing phase degrees -0.57 ±2.54 -2.33 ±2.12 0.044
Max. abd in swing phase degrees 6.34 ±2.84 7.99 ±1.99 0.063
Range of motion degrees 12.20 ±3.25 11.42 ±2.68 0.471
Time at max. add in stance phase % cycle 41.94 ±11.35 30.26 ±11.97 0.011
Time at max. abd in stance phase % cycle 35.06 ±28.94 62.48 ±10.44 0.008
Time at max. add in swing phase % cycle 85.30 ±10.23 92.34 ±4.04 0.040
Time at max. abd in swing phase % cycle 80.28 ±7.85 72.36 ±4.26 0.006
HIP ROTATION
Maximum Internal rotation degrees 1.29 ±6.16 -0.486 ±6.59 0.455
Minimum internal rotation degrees -12.17 ±8.13 -12.58 ±6.83 0.880
Range of motion degrees 13.47 ±4.63 12.09 ±2.19 0.264
Time at max. internal rotation % cycle 51.03 ±14.98 49.77 ±25.03 0.859
Time at min. internal rotation % cycle 53.77 ±26.00 59.82 ±17.19 0.483
  1. Significant difference between conditions at P < 0.05.