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Figure 1 | Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation

Figure 1

From: Biomechanical assessment of balance and posture in subjects with ankylosing spondylitis

Figure 1

Subjects while undergoing a morphological examination of the spine using a specific assessment tool. Both kyphosis and lumbar lordosis were measured and the range of motion of cervical and thoraco-lumbar spine through a pocket compass needle goniometer (IncliMed®). From the top to the bottom and from left to right: first the subject is standing barefoot while the goniometer is placed orthogonal to the spine in correspondence of vertebra T12 performs the maximum extension with his knee straighten, and with two goniometers placed in T12 and S2 performs the maximum flexion of thoraco-lumbar spine; the subject stands and the goniometer is positioned flat and parallel to the spine in correspondence of T12 and performs the lateral thoraco-lumbar inclination; the subject seats with the goniometer fixed in neutral position; in this position the subject performs one head flexion and extension; the subject seats with the goniometer fixed in neutral position; the subject performs one head lateral left and right inclination; the subject seats with the goniometer fixed in neutral position; the subject performs left and right thoraco-lumbar rotation.

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