Skip to main content

Table 2 Reported gender differences in maximum isometric tongue strength pressures (PmaxS) of normal adults

From: OroPress a new wireless tool for measuring oro-lingual pressures: a pilot study in healthy adults

Author(s) Device Sample size Male: PMaxS* Female: PMaxS* Sig. diff in gender
Vitorino, 2010 [21] IOPI N = 75 56.81 ± 7.21 kPa 56.37 ± 6.9 kPa Yes
(m = 35, f = 40)
Stierwalt & Youmans, 2007 [10] IOPI N = 200 63.24 ± 13.86 kPa 57.15 ± 13.50 kPa Yes
(m = 80, f = 120)
Youmans & Stierwalt, 2006 [2] IOPI N = 90 64.0 ± 13.7 kPa 55.9 ± 12.5 kPa Yes
(m = 45, f = 45)
Crow & Ship, 1996 [11] IOPI N = 99 74.8 ± 18.9 kPa 64.7 ± 19.6 kPa Yes
(m = 52, f = 47)
Nicosia et al., 2000 [5] KSW N = 20 Not provided Not provided No
  1. *Maximum pressure during an isometric tongue strength task.
  2. [Mean and standard deviations are reported].