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Table 2 Intra-group comparisons of clinical assessment scores

From: Efficacy of robot-assisted fingers training in chronic stroke survivors: a pilot randomized-controlled trial

Outcome Measures Mean ± SD p-value
Pre-1 Pre-2 Post 6-Mo Pre-2 vs. Post Pre-2 vs. 6-Mo
Robot       
   ARAT 16.56 ± 10.86 17.33 ± 10.62 31.33 ± 8.01 28.33 ± 11.97 0.008* 0.044*
   WMFT Score 34.56 ± 8.37 35.33 ± 8.54 44.89 ± 10.77 42.56 ± 9.03 0.007* 0.109
   WMFT Time 53.78 ± 18.00 51.44 ± 20.67 36.54 ± 18.61 34.04 ± 15.76 0.011* 0.066
   WMFT-FT Score 10.22 ± 6.27 11.22 ± 7.44 20.11 ± 7.99 17.67 ± 7.89 0.007* 0.123
   WMFT-FT Time 89.51 ± 24.46 86.16 ± 31.14 55.78 ± 27.47 56.58 ± 28.23 0.008* 0.066
   FMA 31.67 ± 12.19 31.89 ± 11.98 37.00 ± 12.48 38.00 ± 13.53 0.065 0.123
   FMA-SE 18.44 ± 7.40 17.89 ± 7.43 21.33 ± 6.82 21.56 ± 7.95 0.012* 0.020*
   FMA-WH 10.56 ± 5.12 11.11 ± 5.30 12.56 ± 4.52 13.78 ± 5.16 0.438 0.210
Control       
   ARAT 18.60 ± 9.88 20.80 ± 8.30 28.50 ± 5.95 27.40 ± 8.78 0.014* 0.083
   WMFT Score 35.10 ± 5.43 35.40 ± 4.00 40.40 ± 6.50 38.30 ± 6.86 0.027* 0.107
   WMFT Time 49.60 ± 15.83 47.15 ± 18.42 43.52 ± 12.55 44.47 ± 13.91 0.333 0.445
   WMFT-FT Score 12.70 ± 4.00 14.40 ± 3.47 16.80 ± 4.77 15.60 ± 5.28 0.085 0.550
   WMFT-FT Time 76.54 ± 29.21 71.44 ± 26.90 67.22 ± 20.58 70.00 ± 26.53 0.333 0.959
   FMA 33.30 ± 6.78 34.60 ± 8.16 40.30 ± 7.54 37.30 ± 9.72 0.008* 0.083
   FMA-SE 20.50 ± 4.22 20.50 ± 5.37 23.80 ± 5.33 21.90 ± 6.02 0.012* 0.230
   FMA-WH 10.30 ± 3.20 11.30 ± 3.29 13.30 ± 2.49 12.10 ± 3.70 0.018* 0.255
  1. Abbreviations: ARAT, Action Research Arm Test; WMFT, Wolf Motor Function Test; WMFT-FT, the functional movement tasks of Wolf Motor Function Test; FMA, Fugl-Meyer Assessment; FMA-SE, the shoulder and elbow parts of FMA; FMA-WH, the wrist and hand parts of FMA.
  2. *indicates significant difference.