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Table 3 Inter-group comparisons of post-intervention effects

From: Efficacy of robot-assisted fingers training in chronic stroke survivors: a pilot randomized-controlled trial

Outcome Measures Mean Change ± SD p-value
Improvement Robot Control
Pre2-Post    
   ARAT 14.00 ± 5.75 7.70 ± 6.91 0.053
   WMFT Score 9.56 ± 7.54 5.00 ± 6.46 0.113
   WMFT Time −14.91 ± 12.06 −3.63 ± 10.96 0.079
   WMFT-FT Score 8.89 ± 8.67 2.40 ± 4.12 0.017*
   WMFT-FT Time −30.38 ± 23.74 −4.22 ± 21.01 0.017*
   FMA 5.11 ± 6.55 5.70 ± 4.35 0.968
   FMA-SE 3.44 ± 2.01 3.30 ± 2.65 0.905
   FMA-WH 1.44 ± 4.14 2.00 ± 1.67 0.484
Pre2-6Mo    
   ARAT 11.00 ± 13.91 6.60 ± 11.09 0.497
   WMFT Score 7.22 ± 12.50 2.90 ± 5.07 0.720
   WMFT Time −17.40 ± 24.10 −2.68 ± 8.80 0.156
   WMFT-FT Score 6.44 ± 11.26 1.20 ± 3.71 0.356
   WMFT-FT Time −29.58 ± 39.92 −1.44 ± 12.42 0.095
   FMA 6.11 ± 10.90 2.70 ± 4.42 0.604
   FMA-SE 3.67 ± 5.35 1.40 ± 2.87 0.356
   FMA-WH 2.67 ± 4.97 0.80 ± 1.99 0.565
  1. Abbreviations: ARAT, Action Research Arm Test; WMFT, Wolf Motor Function Test; WMFT-FT, the functional movement tasks of Wolf Motor Function Test; FMA, Fugl-Meyer Assessment; FMA-SE, the shoulder and elbow parts of FMA; FMA-WH, the wrist and hand parts of FMA.
  2. *indicates significant difference.