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Table 3 Mean co-activation indices (SD)

From: Effects of handrail hold and light touch on energetics, step parameters, and neuromuscular activity during walking after stroke

  NORM TOUCH HOLD
GM_TA paretic 42.6 (13.96) 42.5 (12.51) 35.4 (15.84)
GM_TA nonparetic 41.1 (8.98) 40.7 (9.23) 32.1 (7.36)
TA_PL paretic 49.8 (17.19) 49.8 (16.37) 49.6 (16.42)
TA_PL nonparetic 50.1 (8.43) 49.5 (9.26) 46.1 (9.89)
RF_ST paretic 56.5 (7.93) 55.5 (8.79) 57.5 (6.28)
RF_ST nonparetic 57.0 (9.44) 55.7 (8.97) 54.5 (9.91)
  1. GM_TA = m. Gastrocnemius medialis – m. Tibialis anterior; TA_PL = m. Tibialis anterior – m. Peroneus longus; RF_ST = m. Rectus femoris – m. Semitendinosus