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Table 2 Phase 2 functional outcomes

From: Clinical feasibility of interactive motion-controlled games for stroke rehabilitation

Outcome measuresa Week 0 Week 4 Within-group difference (Week 4 – Week 0)a Between-group difference (Mean 95 % CI)
  Intervention Control Intervention Control Intervention Control Intervention - Control
FIM transfers, /7 6.0 (4.0-6.0) 5.5 (4.3-6.0) 6.5 (6.0-7.0) 6.0 (5.0-7.0) 1.0 (1.1)* 0.6 (1.1) 0.4 (−0.8 to 1.6)
FIM mobility, /7 5.5 (2.5-6.0) 5.0 (2.0-6.0) 6.5 (6.0-7.0) 6.0 (2.8-7.0) 1.8 (1.7)* 1.0 (1.7) 0.8 (−1.0 to 2.6)
FIM stairs, /7 5.5 (1.8-6.0) 5.0 (1.0-6.0) 6.0 (4.3-6.0) 5.0 (2.0-6.0) 0.6 (1.4) 0.5 (1.9) 0.1 (−1.7 to 1.9)
Motor Assessment Scale, /48 29.0 (24.0-36.0) 35.5 (24.8-39.0) 33.5 (26.3-39.8) 35.5 (23.5-44.8) 2.4 (4.7) 2.4 (5.6) 0 (−5.5 to 5.5)
Functional Reach, cm Unable to do, N (%) b 24.0 (8.0) 1 (12.5 %) 25.4 (8.9) 1 (12.5 %) 26.3 (8.3) 1 (12.5 %) 28.3 (14.0) 1 (12.5 %) 2.3 (8.4) 3.8 (9.1) −1.5 (−10.9 to 7.8)
Step Test (affected), number of steps in 15 s Unable to do, N (%) b 0 (0–9.8) 5 (62.5 %) 8.0 (0–11.0) 3 (37.5 %) 2.5 (0–13.0) 4 (50 %) 1.0 (0–8.3) 4 (50 %) 1.6 (5.0) −2.4 (5.3) 4.0 (−1.5 to 9.5)
Step Test (unaffected), number of steps in 15 s Unable to do, N (%) b 2.0 (0–10.3) 4 (50 %) 6.0 (0–7.0) 3 (37.5 %) 6.0 (0–11.5) 3 (37.5 %) 2.5 (0–10.3) 4 (50 %) 2.0 (4.0) 0 (5.8) 2.0 (−3.3 to 7.3)
6 min Walk Test, m Unable to do, N (%) b 82 (0–248) 3 (37.5 %) 95 (0–288) 3 (37.5 %) 160 (110–276) 0 274 (45–306) 1 (12.5 %) 64.3 (69.4)* 75.1 (151.9) −10.8 (−137.4 to 115.8)
  1. Abbreviations: FIM, Functional Independence Measure; affected, affected leg in stance; unaffected, unaffected leg in stance during test
  2. aPresented as mean (SD) or median (IQR); bIf unable to do, the score was recorded as zero
  3. *Significant within-group difference P < 0.05 (Wilcoxon signed-rank test)