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Table 5 Outcomes from the two-way repeated measures ANOVAs (parameters by sessions)

From: Test–retest reliability of KINARM robot sensorimotor and cognitive assessment: in pediatric ice hockey players

KINARM Robot Tasks Visually Guided Reach R Visually Guided Reach L Arm Position Matching R Arm Position Matching L Object Hit Clinical Relevance Object Hit and Avoid Clinical Relevance Trail Making B Clinical Relevance
Two-way repeated measures ANOVA (parameters by session) No interaction: F(18, 16) = 2.062, p < 0.076 Interaction: F(18, 16) = 9.888, p < 0.0001, r = 0.4 No interaction: F(6, 28) = 2.299, p < 0.063 No interaction:F(6, 28) = 1.137, p < 0.367 Interaction: F(25, 9) = 12.411, p < 0.0001, r = 0.8 NA Interaction: F(30, 4) = 5.896, p < 0.048, r = 0.8 NA Interaction: F(6, 28) =11.566, p < 0.0001, r = 0.5 NA
Bonferroni Adjustment for the main effect of Session. S1vsS2: p < 0.134 S1vsS2 p < 0.069 S1vsS2 p < 1.000 S1vsS2 p < 1.000 S1vsS2 p < 0.0001 NA S1vsS2 p < 0.001 NA S1vsS2 p < 0001 NA
S2vsS3 p < 1.000 S2vsS3 p < 1.000 S2vsS3 p < 0.163 S2vsS3 p < 1.000 S2vsS3 p < 1.000   S2vsS3 p < 1.000   S2vsS3 p < 0.07
S1vsS3 p < 0.811 S1vsS3 p < 0.343 S1vsS3 p < 0.068 S1vsS3 p < 1.000 S1vsS3 p < 0.0001   S1vsS3 p < 0.0001   S1vsS3 p < 0.0001
Post-hoc Bonferroni corrections NA NA NA NA 1) Total hits: p < 0.0001 1.58 1) Total hits: p < 0.0001 0.70 1) Test time (s): p < 0.001 0.92
S1 vs S2
      2) Hits with left: p < 0.0001 1.10 2) Hits with left: p < 0.0001 0.73 2) Dwell time (s): p < 0.0001 0.78
      3) Hits with right: p < 0.0001 1.52 3) Hits with right: p < 0.020 0.47   
      4) Hand speed left (m/s): p < 0.0001 0.62 4) Hand Selection Overlap: p < 0.021 0.49   
      5) Hand speed right (m/s): p < 0.0001 0.57 5) Hand speed left (m/s): p < 0.0001 0.63   
      6) Movement area left hand (m^2): p < 0.0001 0.71 6) Hand speed right (m/s): p < 0.021 0.35   
      7) Movement area right hand (m^2): p < 0.0001 0.73 7) Movement area left hand (m^2): p < 0.0001 0.80   
        8) Movement area right hand (m^2): p < 0.009 0.43   
Post-hoc Bonferroni corrections: NA NA NA NA 1) Total hits: p < 0.0001 1.66 1) Total hits: p < 0.0001 0.75 1) Test time (s): p < 0.0001 1.16
S1 to S3
      2) Hits with left: p < 0.0001 1.38 2) Hits with left: p < 0.0001 0.84 2) Dwell time (s): p < 0.0001 1.13
      3) Hits with right: p < 0.0001 1.40 3) Hits with right: p < 0.014 0.46   
      4) Hand Selection Overlap: p < 0.021 0.62 4) Hand speed left (m/s): p < 0.002 0.62   
      5) Hand speed left (m/s): p < 0.0001 0.67 5) Movement area left hand (m^2): p < 0.001 0.78   
      6) Hand speed right (m/s): p < 0.025 0.42 6) Movement area right hand (m^2): p < 0.032 0.41   
      7) Movement area left hand (m^2): p < 0.0001 0.75     
      8) Movement area right hand (m^2): p < 0.0001 0.76     
  1. Legend: Statistical analysis summary that included interactions (bold italic) and session effects across the five KINARM tasks as well as identification of those parameters that showed a statistically significant improvement in performance from session 1 to 2 and session 1 to 3. A clinically relevant change coincides with a value of ≥ 0.8 (presented in bold)