Skip to main content

Table 1 Participant Characteristics

From: Effects of virtual reality-based rehabilitation on distal upper extremity function and health-related quality of life: a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial

  SG group (n = 24) CON group (n = 22) P-value
Demographics    
 Age, years 57.2 ± 10.3 59.8 ± 13.0 0.373a
 Gender, male 19 (79.2) 17 (77.3) 0.578b
 Dominant hand, right 23 (95.8) 22 (100) 0.522b
Stroke characteristics    
 Time from stroke, months 13.6 ± 13.4 15.0 ± 14.6 0.809a
 Affected arm, right 9 (37.5) 11 (50.0) 0.590b
 Ischemia 15 (62.5) 14 (63.6) 0.590b
Clinical characteristics    
 MRC scale shoulder flexor 3.2 ± 0.7 3.3 ± 0.7 0.738a
 MRC scale shoulder extensor 3.3 ± 0.6 3.4 ± 0.6 0.703a
 MRC scale elbow flexor 3.6 ± 0.6 3.8 ± 0.6 0.472a
 MRC scale elbow extensor 3.5 ± 0.6 3.7 ± 0.6 0.228a
 MRC scale wrist flexor 3.4 ± 0.6 3.6 ± 0.7 0.490a
 MRC scale wrist extensor 3.4 ± 0.7 3.5 ± 0.8 0.719a
 FM-total score 53.4 ± 8.7 48.2 ± 12.3 0.169a
  1. Abbreviations: SG Smart Glove, CON conventional intervention, MRC medical research council, FM Fugl–Meyer assessment
  2. Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation or number (%). There were no significant differences between groups at baseline for the characteristics
  3. aMann–Whitney U test
  4. bFisher’s exact test