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Table 3 Baseline and Post-intervention SIS Scores in the SG and CON Groups

From: Effects of virtual reality-based rehabilitation on distal upper extremity function and health-related quality of life: a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial

  T0 T2 Repeated-measures ANOVA
Outcome variables SG CON SG CON F P-value
Strength 33.5 ± 19.9 25.9 ± 4.8 37.0 ± 4.0 29.2 ± 3.9 0.008 0.929
Hand function 45.9 ± 34.2 42.6 ± 6.1 58.5 ± 31.1 42.4 ± 7.0 2.931 0.094
Mobility 68.6 ± 5.4 76.6 ± 5.5 80.0 ± 3.7 75.7 ± 4.6 5.333 0.026
ADLs/IADLs 61.4 ± 18.5 64.2 ± 5.2 74.0 ± 3.3 68.6 ± 4.4 3.534 0.067
Memory and thinking 73.7 ± 4.9 81.1 ± 5.1 73.4 ± 4.0 80.1 ± 5.6 0.167 0.685
Communication 79.4 ± 24.6 84.5 ± 4.5 82.0 ± 24.4 84.2 ± 4.6 2.702 0.108
Emotion 62.4 ± 13.4 64.4 ± 4.1 64.4 ± 16.7 59.4 ± 3.4 3.669 0.062
Social participation 40.4 ± 20.2 46.4 ± 5.8 49.1 ± 21.5 44.2 ± 3.7 5.858 0.020
Composite SIS 147.7 ± 4.1 153.2 ± 14.5 181.6 ± 59.8 155.2 ± 13.3 5.763 0.021
Overall SIS 465.2 ± 121.5 485.8 ± 31.3 518.3 ± 100.2 483.7 ± 28.7 6.408 0.015
  1. Abbreviations: SG Smart Glove, CON conventional intervention, ADLs/IADLs activities of daily living/instrumental activities of daily living, SIS Stroke Impact Scale
  2. Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation