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Table 1 Demographic information of subjects included in the experiment

From: A robot-based behavioural task to quantify impairments in rapid motor decisions and actions after stroke

Measure Stroke (n = 157) Controls (n = 309)
Age in yearsa 64 (25–90; 13.8) 53 (18–93; 19.4)
sex (male/female) 102/55 subjects 138/171 subjects
handedness (L/R/M)b 10/147/0 subjects 30/279/0 subjects
time since strokea 11 (1–49; 11.2) days -
affected arm (L/R) 94/63 subjects -
FIM- motor subscorecd 71 (22–91) -
FIM- total scorecd 102.5 (46–126) -
MoCAe 24 (10–30) -
BITc 141 (64–146) -
lesion location (number of subjects) C SC C + SC Cb Br Cb + Br Mx Uk -
44 48 44 3 8 1 3 4
  LA (n = 94) RA (n = 63)  
ischemic/hemorrhagic/both 85/9/0 subjects 55/8/0 subjects -
BIT < 130 22 subjects 6 subjects -
visual field deficit 16 subjects 7 subjects -
CMSA- arm subscoref    
Affected arm [5 13 14 4 19 14 24] g [5 8 9 5 13 7 15] h -
Unaffected arm [0 0 0 0 8 22 63] g [0 0 0 0 1 14 47] h -
Affected hand [9 3 10 8 30 16 16] i [4 7 6 7 12 11 15] h -
Unaffected hand [0 0 0 0 1 32 59] i [0 0 0 0 2 18 42] h -
  left right left right  
Modified Ashworthj [76 10 1 6 0 0]g [61 1 0 0 0 0]g [91 2 0 0 0 0]h [48 8 4 0 2 0]h  
  1. Abbreviations: L/R/M (left/right/mixed), FIM (functional independence measure), MoCA (Montreal cognitive assessment), BIT (behavioural inattention test), LA (left affected), RA (right affected), C (cortical), SC (subcortical), C + SC (cortical + subcortical), Cb (cerebellar), Br (brainstem), Cb + Br (cerebellar + brainstem), Mx (mixed), Uk (unknown), CMSA (Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment)
  2. Legend:a median (min-max; standard deviation).b Handedness as determined by the Edinburgh Handedness Test.c median (min-max).d n = 156.e n = 152.f[n1 n2 n3 n4 n5 n6 n7] corresponds to the number of subjects with CMSA subscores of [1 2 3 4 5 6 7].g n = 93.h n = 62.i n = 92.j [n1 n2 n3 n4 n5 n6] corresponds to the number of subjects with Modified Ashworth scores of [0 1 1+ 2 3 4] for elbow flexion