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Table 3 ACE and MMSE scores (presented as Medians and IQR) pre and post intervention with within-groups (W) comparisons and pre to post-intervention difference with between-groups (MW) comparisons

From: Benefits of virtual reality based cognitive rehabilitation through simulated activities of daily living: a randomized controlled trial with stroke patients

  Experimental (n = 9) Control (n = 9)
  Pre Post W p Pre Post W p MW p
ACE-Total 72 (61–75.5) 81 (68–86.5) 44.000 .011 66 (54.5–81) 69 (58–78) 24.000 .398 13.500 .014
MMSE 23 (20.5–26) 29 (25–29) 34.000 .025 23 (20.5–26) 26 (21–26.5) 28.500 .136 18.000 .050
ACE-Attention 15 (14–16.5) 18 (16.5–18) 28.000 .018 14 (12–16.5) 16 (12.5–17) 13.500 .518 17.500 .040
ACE-Memory 15 (13–18) 18 (15–21.5) 28.000 .017 18 (11–19.5) 18 (12.5–21) 11.000 .336 23.000 .136
ACE-Fluency 5 (2.5–6) 6 (4–7.5) 27.000 .196 6 (4–8) 5 (2.5–5.5) 2.500 .027 13.000 .014
ACE-Language 22 (21.5–23) 24 (21–26) 33.500 .191 19 (16–22) 21 (17–24.5) 22.000 .168 32.500 .489
ACE-Visuo-spatial 12 (7.5–14.5) 14 (13–15) 28.000 .017 12 (7.5–13.5) 14 (7–15.5) 16.000 .246 26.500 .222
  1. p <.05 is indicated in bold