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Table 1 Mean interaction force per movement phase during the predictable partnered stepping task

From: Small forces that differ with prior motor experience can communicate movement goals during human-human physical interaction

  Movement phases
  Initiation (INT) Forward (FWD) Backward (BKW) Change Direction (CD)
Expert-Expert (EE) -5.27 ± 2.09 N -4.17 ± 1.09 N 3.38 ± 1.29 N -3.18 ± 0.99 N
Expert-Novice (EN) -2.59 ± 1.29 N -1.43 ± 0.90 N 2.49 ± 1.69 N -0.66 ± 0.99 N
Novice-Novice (NN) -1.81 ± 0.99 N -0.84 ± 1.09 N 1.99 ± 1.69 N 0.43 ± 0.69 N
  1. Negative values are compression and positive values are tension
  2. See text for significance values