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Table 2 Mean interaction force per movement phase during the unpredictable partnered stepping task

From: Small forces that differ with prior motor experience can communicate movement goals during human-human physical interaction

  Movement phases
  Initiation (INT) Forward (FWD) Backward (BKW) Change Direction (CD)
Expert-Expert (EE) -9.04 ± 1.53 N -13.4 ± 2.01 N 14.1 ± 2.25 N -3.49 ± 1.23 N
Expert-Novice (EN) -6.12 ± 1.58N -7.38 ± 3.13 N 6.83 ± 2.61 N -0.87 ± 1.15 N
Novice-Novice (NN) -5.20 ± 1.41 N -4.06 ± 1.83 N 2.89 ± 1.64 N -0.92 ± 1.07 N
  1. Negative values are compression and positive values are tension
  2. See text for significance values