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Table 1 Patient Information & Clinical Scores

From: KAPS (kinematic assessment of passive stretch): a tool to assess elbow flexor and extensor spasticity after stroke using a robotic exoskeleton

Measure Group
No Spasticity
n = 17
Flexors Only
n = 13
Extensors Only
n = 3
Both Muscle Groups
n = 13
Healthy
n = 96
Agea   59 (22, 92) 63 (18, 80) 52 (45, 79) 56 (27, 75) 40 (19, 81)
Sex (M:F)   11:6 11:2 2:1 8:5 41:55
Handedness (R:L)   16:1 12:1 3:0 11:2 88:8
Patient Type (Out:In)   6:11 10:3 3:0 10:3 -
Days Since Strokea   41 (14, 1313) 341 (21, 6195) 542 (280, 662) 728 (14, 4510) -
Lesion Type (I:H:U)   9:5:3 9:1:3 1:2:0 9:3:1 -
More-Affected Arm (R:L)   10:7 4:9 2:1 8:5 -
CMSAarm Scoreb   [0,1,0,1,2,1,0,12] [0,2,3,2,2,0,0,4] [0,3,0,0,0,0,0,0] [0,4,1,3,1,0,0,4] -
MTS(V3)c Flexors [17,0,0,0,0] [0,0,13,0,0] [3,0,0,0,0] [0,1,12,0,0] -
Extensors [17,0,0,0,0] [13,0,0,0,0] [0,0,3,0,0] [0,3,10,0,0] -
MASd Flexors [17,0,0,0,0,0] [0,1,7,5,0,0] [2,1,0,0,0,0] [0,2,9,2,0,0] -
Extensors [17,0,0,0,0,0] [13,0,0,0,0,0] [0,1,1,0,1,0] [0,5,6,2,0,0] -
  1. Abbreviations: M:F Male:Female, R:L Right:Left, Out:In Outpatient:Inpatient, I:H:U Ischemic:Hemorrhagic:Unknown, CMSAarm Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment – Impairment Scale Arm, MTS(V3) Modified Tardieu Scale, fastest speed, MAS Modified Ashworth Scale
  2. amedian value, minimum and maximum values in parentheses
  3. b[n1, n2, n3, n4, n5, n6, n7, unknown] represents number of participants with CMSA arm scores of [1,2,3,4,5,6,7]
  4. c[n1, n2, n3, n4, n5] represents number of participants with MTS scores of [0, 1, 2, 3, 4]
  5. d[n1, n2, n3, n4, n5, n6] represents number of participants with MAS scores of [0, 1, 1+, 2, 3, 4]