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Table 1 Characteristics of the 95 participants (mean ± SD)a

From: Gait characteristics and their discriminative power in geriatric patients with and without cognitive impairment

  Healthy old adults (n = 25) Cognitive intact geriatric patients (n = 31) Cognitive impaired geriatric patients (n = 39)
Demographics
 Age (years) 65 ± 5.5 79 ± 5.3 82.0 ± 7.2b, c
 Height (cm) 168 ± 8.6 167 ± 9.4 166 ± 8.2
 Weight (kg) 71.3 ± 12.2 73.3 ± 14.6 68.0 ± 12.5
 Body Mass Index 25.0 ± 3.6 26.3 ± 5.3 23.5 ± 6.2
 Gait speed single task (m/s) 1.20 ± 0.10 0.88 ± 0.22 0.81 ± 0.22b, c
 Gait speed dual task (m/s) 1.01 ± 0.12 0.69 ± 0.19 0.68 ± 0.22b, c
Cognitive function
 Mini Mental State Examination N.A. 27.4 ± 2.3 23.9 ± 3.8d
 Benton’s Temporal Orientation N.A. 4.2 ± 13.8 17.1 ± 29.9d
 Enhanced Cued Recall N.A. 14.9 ± 1.7 10.5 ± 4.4d
 Clock drawing N.A. 11.8 ± 1.8 9.8 ± 2.6d
 Verbal fluency N.A. 18.2 ± 6.6 12.3 ± 4.1d
Geriatric syndromes
 Charlson Comorbidity Index N.A. 1.9 ± 1.8 1.7 ± 1.3
 Handgrip strength (kg) N.A. 26.3 ± 6.4 26.0 ± 7.2
 Medication use (number) N.A. 6.4 ± 4.1 5.5 ± 3.4
  1. aSignificance set at 5%. b significant difference between healthy old adults and geriatric patients; c significant difference between healthy old adults and cognitive impaired geriatric patients; d significant difference between geriatric and cognitive impaired geriatric patients. N.A. Not applicable