Skip to main content

Table 3 Robot-based outcomes

From: Pattern of improvement in upper limb pointing task kinematics after a 3-month training program with robotic assistance in stroke

  M2 (n = 22) M3 (n = 22) M4 (n = 22) M5 (n = 22) M2 vs M5 p
DI 41.7(34.4) 73.5(37.6)a 80.3(38.2)a 82.6(35.5)a 7.1E−8
VE 37.1(28.5) 63.5(39.4)a 77.9(39.4)a 83.4(41.7)a,b 3.1E-9
AC 28.7(25.3) 41.3(22.9) 42.1(24.4) 49.8(23.9)a 1.5E−3
SM 41.0(24.5) 67.0(42.6)a 70.0(29.4)a 79.3(40.2)a 8.3E−4
  1. Results (average over three directions) expressed as mean (SD). In first column, DI, distance index (% control); VE, velocity index (% control); AC, accuracy index (% control); SM, smoothness index (% control). avs M2: p < 0.05; bvs M3: p < 0.05