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Table 3 Training parameters (mean ± standard deviation) at onset and end of Lokomat® training period

From: Advanced Robotic Therapy Integrated Centers (ARTIC): an international collaboration facilitating the application of rehabilitation technologies

Patients Duration walking time per session [min] Distance walked per session [m] Average walking speed [km/h] Guidance Force [%]a Number of training sessions
  GMFCS Onset End Onset End Onset End Onset End
Cerebral Palsy II 24.7 ± 9.3 31.6 ± 10.7 555 ± 282 918 ± 320 1.12 ± 0.53 1.45 ± 0.63 85.1 ± 14.5 69.4 ± 20.4 27.2 ± 28.8
III 23.4 ± 12.2 33.3 ± 11.6 524 ± 355 917 ± 401 1.13 ± 0.51 1.41 ± 0.59 83.1 ± 17.4 73.1 ± 18.8 23.4 ± 17.2
IV 24.2 ± 9.9 33.9 ± 10.3 522 ± 295 980 ± 373 1.25 ± 0.38 1.68 ± 0.42 84.3 ± 14.6 74.6 ± 16.0 21.8 ± 13.7
Stroke Ischemic 16.7 ± 9.0 29.3 ± 10.7 409 ± 258 886 ± 372 1.14 ± 0.57 1.42 ± 0.66 92.9 ± 16.4 85.4 ± 16.4 16.2 ± 14.5
Hemorrhagic 16.1 ± 6.8 29.3 ± 9.9 386 ± 198 858 ± 374 1.05 ± 0.60 1.26 ± 0.64 90.0 ± 23.4 81.4 ± 19.5 17.9 ± 17.9
Spinal cord injury AIS C 16.7 ± 6.6 24.0 ± 9.5 423 ± 247 759 ± 368 1.65 ± 0.44 1.88 ± 0.50 98.1 ± 5.0 84.2 ± 19.6 10.3 ± 14.8
AIS D 19.1 ± 3.1 22.2 ± 4.5 536 ± 124 700 ± 113 1.55 ± 0.52 1.77 ± 0.58 98.0 ± 2.7 92.2 ± 10.3 30.5 ± 60.3
Traumatic brain injury   15.4 ± 7.7 21.8 ± 13.6 350 ± 162 624 ± 428 1.14 ± 0.68 1.37 ± 0.73 85.0 ± 22.4 79.3 ± 22.5 24.1 ± 29.4
  1. Abbreviations: GMFCS Gross Motor Function Classification System, AIS ASIA Impairment Scale. aPresented for left leg