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Table 1 Descriptive variables of study groups

From: Post-stroke unilateral spatial neglect: virtual reality-based navigation and detection tasks reveal lateralized and non-lateralized deficits in tasks of varying perceptual and cognitive demands

Participant Sex Age Stroke Chronicity Type of Stroke Stroke Location 10 MWT Fast/Comfortable CMSA RMI
(M/F) (years) (years) (m/s) Leg/Foot
USN+ (n = 15)
1 M 53.5 4.1 Ischemic P-T 1.5/1.0 6/6 14
2 M 72.3 2.7 Ischemic Sylvian 1.2/0.9 6/6 13
3 M 45.7 1.6 Hemorrhagic P 2.1/1.5 7/7 15
4 M 57.2 3.5 Hemorrhagic P-T 1.7/1.4 7/7 14
5 M 69.2 1.3 Ischemic P-O 1.7/1.1 7/6 14
6 M 51.5 1.6 Hemorrhagic P-T 1.8/1.3 7/7 15
7 M 54.3 0.8 Ischemic Periventricular and cerebral peduncle 1.3/0.5 6/6 14
8 F 69.0 0.9 Hemorrhagic Subarachnoid hemorrhage grade 3, common right artery 1.6/1.2 7/7 15
9 M 67.7 1.3 Ischemic Pontocerebellar fibers 2.1/1.4 7/7 15
10 F 50.8 2.5 Ischemic P-T 0.7/0.6 5/5 12
11 M 61.6 0.9 Ischemic P-O 1.5/1.2 6/6 15
12 M 73.1 0.3 Ischemic P-O + midline shift 1.5/1.2 6/6 14
13 M 67.6 1.5 Ischemic F-P 0.9/0.7 6/6 13
14 M 53.7 0.9 Ischemic F-T-Ins 0.3/0.3 5/1 10
15 F 56.5 1.3 Ischemic Sylvian 0.3/0.3 6/5a 12
Mean ± SD
Range (−)
Ratio (:)
12:3 60.2 ± 8.8 1.6 ± 1.0 11:4 NA 1.3 ± 0.5 *§/0.9 ± 0.4 *§ 5–7 / 1–7 10–15
USN- (n = 15)
16 M 50.6 0.5 Ischemic P-O 1.6/1.3 7/7 15
17 F 81.1 1.7 Ischemic F-P 1.3/1.0 7/7 14
18 F 43.0 1.7 Ischemic Globus palladus, putamen, anterior limb of internal capsule, caudate nucleus, cortical F-P-T 1.2/1.0 7/7 15
19 M 58.0 1.4 Ischemic Lateral medulla 2.0/1.6 6/6 15
20 M 57.0 0.6 Ischemic Sylvian: corona radiate, internal capsule, subcortical center 1.9/1.2 7/7 15
21 M 40.8 4.0 Hemorrhagic Basal ganglia and external capsule 1.6/1.2 6/6 14
22 M 68.2 8.8 Ischemic MCA territory 1.4/1.1 6/6 15
23 M 51.5 1.3 Ischemic Cerebellar, right lateral medullary 1.9/1.5 7/7 15
24 M 54.0 1.2 Ischemic Internal capsule, globus palladus, lacunar corona radiata, F 1.9/1.5 7/7 15
25 M 75.5 0.8 Ischemic F + MCA territory 1.5/1.1 7/7 15
26 M 46.7 1.1 Ischemic Sylvian 1.1/0.9 7/7 15
27 M 52.1 2.3 Ischemic Posterior limb of right internal capsule 2.3/1.3 7/7 15
28 M 73.8 0.7 Ischemic Internal capsule 1.5/1.1 7/7 14
29 M 77.3 2.9 Ischemic MCA territory 1.3/1.0 7/6 15
30 M 48.3 1.3 Hemorrhagic Brainstem, periaqueductal 1.9/1.8 7/7 15
Mean ± SD
Range (−)
Ratio (:)
13:2 58.5 ± 13.2 2.0 ± 2.1 13:2 NA 1.6 ± 0.3 / 1.2 ± 0.2 6–7 / 6–7 14–15
HC (n = 15)
Mean ± SD
Range (−)
Ratio (:)
7:8 61.0 ± 11.3 NA NA NA 2.1 ± 1.0 / 1.4 ± 0.3 NA NA
  1. USN Unilateral spatial neglect, CMSA Chedoke McMaster Stroke Assessment, SD Standard Deviation; F Frontal, P Parietal, MCA Middle cerebral artery, T Temporal, O Occipital, Ins Insular, 10 MWT 10-Meter Walk Test, USN+ Participants with post-stroke USN, USN- Participants without post-stroke USN, HC Healthy Controls, N/A Not applicable, RMI Rivermead Mobility Index
  2. arefers to the use of walker during goal-directed locomotor experiments
  3. *refers to significant between-group differences in USN+ vs. USN – group (p < 0.05)
  4. §refers to significant between-group differences in USN+ vs. HC group (p < 0.05)