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Table 2 Performances of the three types of detector for the two events. For Type 1 detectors, performances of the source with the best performances (Sens.*Spec.) are reported, which is Anterior Deltoid (AD) for Go-forward and Biceps Brachii (BB) for Go-backward

From: Detection of movement onset using EMG signals for upper-limb exoskeletons in reaching tasks

  Go-forward Go-backward
Detector Type 1 (AD) Type 2 Type 2-info Type 1 (EXT) Type 2 Type 2-info
Sens. (%) 81.1 (76.5–90.5) 74.7 (69.7–78.2) 81.6 (76.2–84.0) 60.9 (49.7–69.9) 50.4 (31.7–54.2) 52.7 (41.2–63.2)
Spec. (%) 96.2 (93.0–98.3) 97.9 (96.3–98.4) 96.3 (91.3–98.0) 94.3 (79.5–95.7) 91.6 (86.2–97.1) 94.3 (84.2–96.7)
Latency (s) −0.130 (− 0.181 – − 0.096) −0.088 (− 0.101–0.057) −0.134 (− 0.169 – − 0.088) −0.099 (− 0.163–0.173) −0.093 (− 0.184–0.028) −0.115 (− 0.217 – − 0.014)