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Table 4 Reported adverse events for in-home tES

From: Strategies to implement and monitor in-home transcranial electrical stimulation in neurological and psychiatric patient populations: a systematic review

  Adverse Events
Andrade 2013 Tingling sensation at the electrode site
Andre 2016 No adverse events occurred
Carvalho 2018 Minor and transient scalp burn, tingling and skin redness
Cha 2016 Tingling, itching, redness, headache, tiredness, confusion, nausea.
Charvet 2017a Not stated
Charvet 2017b1 Pain > 6/10 (n = 2). Tingling (43%), itching (21%), burning sensation (23%), head pain or pressure (2%), dizziness (< 1%), difficulty concentrating (4%), blurred vision (<1%) and facial muscle twitch (<1%).
Clayton 2018 Minimal and transient tingling and itchiness at the site of electrodes
Dobbs 2018 Tingling (43%), burning (29%), head pain (8%), itching (8%), headache (6%), difficulty concentrating (1%)
Hagenacker 2014 Slight itching or tingling
Hyvarinen 2016 Tinnitus loudness and annoyance (5%), skin burn (2%); irritation (2%), mood changes (2%), tingling sensation (5%), uncomfortable sensation (47%), poor sleep (7%)
Kasschau 2016 Tingling (60%), itching (24%), burning (30%), headache (3%), nausea (3%), head pain (3%), dizziness (<1%), difficulty concentrating (1%), blurred vision (<1%), forgetfulness (<1%).
Loo 2017 No significant adverse events occurred
Martens 2018 Skin redness (37%), sleepiness (11%), seizure (4%)*
Mortenson 2016 Mild itching, tingling, burning sensation, headache and sleepiness
Riggs 2018 No adverse events occurred
Schwippel 2017 No adverse events occurred
Sharma 2018 Tingling (20%), itching (6.5%), burning (8.3%), dizziness (0.4%), headache (2.2%), sleepiness (0.4%, nausea (0.4%)
Treister 2015 No serious adverse events occurred
Van de Winckel 2018 Mild tingling at electrode site at beginning of treatment (83%)
  1. 1, data only reported for study two
  2. *Unlikely related to stimulation as it occurred in the sham group in a participant with history of epilepsy