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Table 2 Pre-post clinical parameters. Data are reported as mean ± s.d.

From: Walking to your right music: a randomized controlled trial on the novel use of treadmill plus music in Parkinson’s disease

parameter group pre post time×group time F(1,24), p post-pre post-hoc
F(1,48), p ICC(95%cl) within-group effect size between-group
10MWT (sec) RAS 7.5 ± 5 6.9 ± 5 1,0.7 0.92(0.86 to 0.95) 1, 0.1 0.7 0.06 0.7
non-RAS 7.4 ± 5 6.7 ± 4 1.3, 0.1 0.6 0.07
BBS (sec) RAS 44 ± 8 49 ± 7 1, 0.6 0.08(0.06 to 0.09) 19, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.8 0.5
non-RAS 44 ± 8 48 ± 9 73, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.8
FES (scale score) RAS 34 ± 9 28 ± 9 32, < 0.001 0(−0.28 to 0.28) 45, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.8 < 0.001
non-RAS 34 ± 9 31 ± 9 1, 0.2 0.2 0.1
FGA (scale score) RAS 18 ± 2 22 ± 2 41, < 0.001 0(−0.28 to 0.28) 42, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.8 < 0.001
non-RAS 17 ± 2 20 ± 2 1, 0.1 0.1 0.1
TUG (sec) RAS 11 ± 7 9 ± 9 5, 0.006 0.45(0.2 to 0.65) 43, < 0.001 < 0.001 0.8 0.6
non-RAS 11 ± 7 10 ± 7 5, 0.04 0.01 0.4
UPDRS (scale score) RAS 29 ± 3 21 ± 5 10, < 0.001 0.45(0.2 to 0.65) 16, 0.001 < 0.001 0.8 0.001
non-RAS 31 ± 5 25 ± 8 9, 0.006 0.006 0.5
  1. 10MWT 10 m walking test, UPDRS Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale, BBS Berg Balance Scale, FES Tinetti Falls Efficacy Scale, FGA Functional Gait Assessment, TUG timed up-and-go test, RAS Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation, ICC(95%cl) intraclass correlation coefficient and its 95% confidence limits for test-retest reliability calculation