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Table 3 Mean (SD) ear movement for the 9 facilitation sessions by participant

From: Development of a training paradigm for voluntary control of the peri-auricular muscles: a feasibility study

ID 1 SD 2 SD 3 SD 4 SD 5 SD 6 SD 7 SD 8 SD 9 SD
S2 0.35 (0.05) 0.34 (0.04) 1.22 (0.63) 1.56 (0.23) 3.50 (0.40) 4.19 (0.29) 3.79 (0.18) 3.78 (0.28) 4.16 (0.15)
S4 0.54 (0.09) 0.49 (0.07) 0.49 (0.04) 0.55 (0.09) 0.43 (0.05) 1.12 (0.18) 0.60 (0.06) 1.05 (0.25) 0.87 (0.10)
S5 1.32 (0.22) 0.70 (0.22) 1.10 (0.24) 1.36 (0.39) 1.72 (0.41) 1.59 (0.23) NA NA NA NA NA NA
S6 0.48 (0.07) 0.44 (0.04) 0.41 (0.03) 0.41 (0.04) 0.67 (0.07) 0.63 (0.07) 0.47 (0.07) 0.51 (0.08) 0.57 (0.04)
S7 0.77 (0.07) 0.81 (0.16) 0.85 (0.14) 0.62 (0.05) 0.46 (0.08) 0.41 (0.04) 0.44 (0.07) NA NA NA NA
S8 0.43 (0.04) 0.84 (0.10) 1.19 (0.62) 2.72 (0.75) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
S10 0.88 (0.21) 1.49 (0.44) 1.08 (0.44) 2.93 (0.38) 3.45 (0.27) 3.23 (0.88) 3.78 (0.27) 4.13 (0.22) 3.00 (0.43)
S11 0.57 (0.17) 0.63 (0.13) 0.44 (0.03) 0.51 (0.13) 0.40 (0.04) 0.53 (0.10) 0.79 (0.11) 0.49 (0.11) 0.44 (0.05)
S12 0.80 (0.16) 0.67 (0.06) 0.83 (0.06) 0.58 (0.05) 0.77 (0.12) 0.92 (0.12) 0.75 (0.12) 0.71 (0.07) 0.71 (0.08)
S13 0.79 (0.10) 1.82 (0.48) 2.08 (0.14) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
  1. Units are mm of auricle movement recorded at the post-test without feedback for each session. These Means and SD are averaged across the two ears. NA = not available, participant completed the facilitation phase and had advanced to the skill phase. Subject ID is consistent across all Tables and Figures. Learners were ID 2, 5, 7, 8, 10, and 13. Poor/Non-learners were ID 4, 6, 11, and 12