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Table 2 Manual Muscle Test results for the 10 patients’ cohort, EMGb and Rb Lokomat trainings groups as mean ± sd. Statistical comparison results are reported: Pre vs Post comparison for each BFBb and Rb groups. p values or “ns”, if statistical comparison is not significant, are reported for each statistical comparison performed

From: Influences of the biofeedback content on robotic post-stroke gait rehabilitation: electromyographic vs joint torque biofeedback

  EMGb Rb Statistical Comparison
EMGb Rb
HIP joint Hip-Flexion Pre vs Post Pre vs Post
  Pre Post Pre Post   
Mean 2,02 2,6 2,29 2,53 0.035 ns
Sd 0,93 1,15 0,9 1,12
Hip-Extension
Mean 1,83 2,47 2,16 2,26 0.011 Ns
Sd 0,83 1,14 0,85 0,96
Hip - Abduction
Mean 1,7 1,88 1,83 2,3 ns ns
Sd 0,93 0,84 0,83 0,96
Hip Adduction
Mean 1,72 1,98 1,84 2,16 ns ns
Sd 0,83 0,86 0,76 0,86
KNEE joint Knee Flexion
Mean 1,87 2,48 1,88 2,45 0.004 0.04
Sd 1,02 1,27 0,76 0,97
Knee Extension
Mean 1,55 2,27 1,84 2,33 ns ns
Sd 0,95 1,15 0,76 0,72
ANKLE joint Ankle Flexion
Mean 1,18 1,92 1,38 1,84 0.05 ns
Sd 0,67 0,85 0,95 0,87
Ankle Extension
Mean 1,3 1,83 1,47 1,84 ns ns
Sd 0,89 0,71 0,91 0,8