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Table 2 Mean values of gait parameters for healthy subjects (normative values)

From: Gait analysis with the Kinect v2: normative study with healthy individuals and comprehensive study of its sensitivity, validity, and reliability in individuals with stroke

 Age decade
10–1920–2930–3940–4950–5960–69≥70
Speed (m/s)1.16 (0.15)1.18 (0.15)1.16* (0.12)1.19** (0.15)1.16** (0.19)1.06** (0.17)0.94** (0.19)
Stride length (m)1.23** (0.11)1.32 (0.11)1.29** (0.10)1.27** (0.14)1.25** (0.14)1.19** (0.16)1.05** (0.16)
Stride time (s)1.08** (0.09)1.13 (0.10)1.12 (0.10)1.08** (0.09)1.09** (0.12)1.13** (0.10)1.19 (0.12)
Step length (m)0.63* (0.05)0.67 (0.06)0.65** (0.05)0.64** (0.07)0.62** (0.07)0.60** (0.08)0.52** (0.08)
Step time (s)0.54** (0.05)0.56 (0.05)0.56 (0.05)0.54** (0.05)0.55** (0.06)0.56** (0.05)0.59 (0.07)
Step width (m)0.11** (0.03)0.12 (0.03)0.12** (0.03)0.11** (0.02)0.12** (0.03)0.10** (0.03)0.13** (0.04)
Cadence (step/min)111.87**(9.27)107.43 (9.60)107.87 (10.25)112.37** (9.36)111.15** (12.03)107.56** (9.10)102.04 (9.99)
Step asymmetry (m)0.05** (0.08)0.06 (0.13)0.04* (0.02)0.05* (0.03)0.06* (0.13)0.12 (0.26)0.07 (0.08)
Swing time (s)0.40 (0.05)0.43 (0.14)0.43* (0.15)0.41 (0.12)0.41 (0.14)0.42 (0.12)0.42** (0.07)
Double support time (s)0.28 (0.07)0.29 (0.08)0.29* (0.07)0.29** (0.09)0.31** (0.10)0.37 (0.19)0.42 (0.19)
Trunk obliquity (°)4.35 (1.36)5.05 (1.66)4.69* (1.18)4.29 (1.25)5.17 (2.82)4.87** (1.52)4.76** (1.31)
Trunk tilt (°)6.29 (1.68)6.26 (0.95)6.35* (1.64)5.90** (1.02)5.28** (1.02)5.47** (1.26)5.55** (1.43)
Trunk rotation (°)14.17** (3.95)15.61 (3.95)16.12* (3.65)17.08* (3.82)17.34 (3.11)17.80 (5.25)14.87** (3.89)
Pelvic obliquity (°)8.35 (2.14)6.46 (1.98)7.63 (2.55)7.49 (3.11)7.72 (2.12)7.41 (1.64)8.22 (1.80)
Pelvic tilt (°)17.34 (3.85)13.68 (3.85)16.08 (5.38)16.75 (8.25)17.08 (5.59)19.13 (5.64)19.67 (5.46)
Pelvic rotation (°)11.12 (4.06)10.16* (3.74)11.04 (3.62)13.08 (2.90)10.15* (2.27)11.72 (3.29)11.03* (3.09)
Hip abduction-adduction (°)10.19 (2.51)10.09 (1.98)9.39** (2.10)11.26 (3.19)11.95 (3.47)11.56 (1.69)12.58 (3.70)
Hip flexion-extension (°)57.36 (6.33)53.82 (6.06)52.70 (5.76)56.58 (4.76)56.72* (5.72)55.94* (7.71)48.42 (8.65)
Hip height variation (cm)0.06 (0.01)0.07** (0.01)0.07 (0.01)0.06 (0.01)0.06 (0.01)0.06 (0.01)0.05 (0.01)
Knee valgus-varus alignment (°)18.42 (3.73)19.52 (4.56)17.65 (5.51)19.17 (5.44)21.68 (4.46)21.61 (4.42)22.81 (7.42)
Knee flexion-extension (°)52.45 (4.19)50.66 (7.66)50.33** (4.85)50.53 (5.58)47.97 (5.80)47.75 (5.27)46.38 (6.24)
Knee height variation (cm)0.16 (0.13)0.10 (0.02)0.10 (0.04)0.10 (0.07)0.09 (0.05)0.08 (0.04)0.11 (0.09)
Ankle height variation (cm)0.17 (0.04)0.20** (0.03)0.20 (0.09)0.21 (0.06)0.17 (0.02)0.17 (0.02)0.17 (0.05)
  1. Performance of healthy subjects divided by age decade in all spatiotemporal and kinematic gait parameters.
  2. All measures are expressed in terms of mean and standard deviation (in parentheses). *: p < 0.05. **: p < 0.01