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Table 3 Mean values of gait parameters for individuals post-stroke

From: Gait analysis with the Kinect v2: normative study with healthy individuals and comprehensive study of its sensitivity, validity, and reliability in individuals with stroke

 Age decade
10–1920–2930–3940–4950–5960–69≥70
Speed (m/s)1.13 (0.22)1.18 (0.34)1.03* (0.26)0.90** (0.31)0.81** (0.28)0.75** (0.37)0.67** (0.14)
Stride length (m)1.40** (0.11)1.30 (0.26)1.16** (0.20)1.07** (0.25)1.00** (0.28)0.92** (0.37)0.82** (0.18)
Stride time (s)1.31** (0.34)1.15 (0.19)1.17 (0.19)1.26** (0.28)1.31** (0.27)1.35** (0.30)1.22 (0.11)
Step length (m)0.68* (0.08)0.64 (0.10)0.58** (0.10)0.55** (0.12)0.49** (0.14)0.46** (0.19)0.41** (0.08)
Step time (s)0.64** (0.18)0.58 (0.11)0.59 (0.10)0.63** (0.14)0.65** (0.12)0.68** (0.15)0.61 (0.06)
Step width (m)0.15** (0.05)0.13 (0.03)0.17** (0.06)0.18** (0.05)0.21** (0.07)0.18** (0.05)0.17** (0.06)
Cadence (step/min)97.66** (15.79)107.41 (15.90)105.02 (15.07)99.22** (20.24)94.34** (14.48)92.23** (17.62)98.96 (9.79)
Step asymmetry (m)0.28** (0.24)0.04 (0.04)0.05* (0.04)0.08* (0.08)0.07* (0.05)0.06 (0.05)0.10 (0.05)
Swing time (s)0.33 (0.13)0.47 (0.09)0.38* (0.08)0.41 (0.07)0.36 (0.11)0.41 (0.06)0.33** (0.13)
Double support time (s)0.32 (0.07)0.26 (0.19)0.37* (0.20)0.46** (0.21)0.47** (0.17)0.46 (0.23)0.45 (0.15)
Trunk obliquity (°)5.85 (2.47)4.97 (1.74)6.19* (2.51)6.44 (3.72)6.97 (3.64)8.27** (3.61)7.58** (2.54)
Trunk tilt (°)8.04 (1.70)7.95* (1.99)8.32* (2.72)9.15** (3.10)7.96** (2.92)9.99** (5.47)9.49** (3.79)
Trunk rotation (°)21.7** (4.45)16.82 (4.29)22.42* (9.23)21.93* (6.95)22.24 (8.81)17.06 (5.56)20.25 (3.04)
Pelvic obliquity (°)9.27 (1.64)6.88 (2.60)9.55 (3.07)9.52 (2.85)9.16 (2.17)7.85 (1.64)9.22 (4.05)
Pelvic tilt (°)19.86 (4.53)13.84 (5.51)23.29* (9.87)20.74 (7.74)23.74 (9.77)20.20 (8.68)21.56 (8.67)
Pelvic rotation (°)15.45 (4.75)15.20* (7.09)14.68 (6.33)16.01 (5.94)15.66* (7.06)12.12 (5.45)13.63* (1.81)
Hip abduction-adduction (°)11.74 (3.22)10.58 (2.59)13.33** (2.45)13.00 (3.52)12.05 (2.09)12.02 (2.89)14.20 (2.06)
Hip flexion-extension (°)59.49 (9.03)56.49 (6.80)55.22 (7.82)52.84 (7.22)49.28* (9.49)49.52* (8.18)45.30 (9.86)
Hip height variation (cm)0.20 (0.24)0.37** (0.32)0.07 (0.02)0.18 (0.34)0.06 (0.02)0.07 (0.06)0.05 (0.01)
Knee valgus-varus alignment (°)22.17 (11.84)19.41 (5.98)21.79 (7.10)19.36 (6.11)18.61 (4.40)19.95 (6.01)22.97 (4.97)
Knee flexion-extension (°)49.37 (7.36)45.03 (16.58)43.74** (8.14)50.06 (12.75)44.89 (8.83)39.60 (15.53)41.40 (8.89)
Knee height variation (cm)0.19 (0.16)0.09 (0.03)0.15 (0.16)0.10 (0.03)0.13 (0.12)0.18 (0.24)0.12 (0.05)
Ankle height variation (cm)0.23 (0.11)0.33** (0.13)0.19 (0.05)0.23 (0.13)0.17 (0.05)0.17 (0.07)0.14 (0.05)
  1. Performance of individuals with stroke divided by age decade in all spatiotemporal and kinematic gait parameters.
  2. All measures are expressed in terms of mean and standard deviation (in parentheses).*: p < 0.05. **: p < 0.01