Skip to main content

Table 2 tDCS protocols

From: Correction to: Does transcranial direct current stimulation improve functional locomotion in people with Parkinson’s disease? A systematic review and meta-analysis

StudyTreatmentSession #Active tDCSStimulation SiteStimulation Parameters
(Intensity, Duration, Areas)
Follow-Up Test
Alizad [42]tDCS3AM: Bi PMC & M11 mA, 20 min, 40 cm2No
Benninger [43]tDCS8AM: Bi PFC, PMC, & M1 (separately)2 mA, 20 min, 24.5 cm2Yes (12wks)
Capacci [44]tDCS1AM: Bi PFC (separately)2 mA, 20 min, NANo
Costa-Ribeiro [45]tDCS&GT10AS: Central leg areas M1 (2 cm anterior to the vertex)2 mA, 13 min, NAYes (4wks)
Costa-Ribeiro [46]tDCS&GT10AS: Central leg areas M1 (2 cm anterior to the vertex)2 mA, 13 min, 35 cm2Yes (4wks)
Criminger [47]tDCS3A&CM: Bi DLPFC (A-tDCS on LH & C-tDCS on RH)2 mA, 20 min, 15 cm2No
da Silva [48]tDCS1AS: Central leg areas M1 & SMA2 mA, 15 min, 35 cm2No
Dagan [49]tDCS2AM: M1 & LH-DLPFC3 mA, 20 min, 3 cm2No
Fernández-Lago [50]tDCS&TT1AS: leg area M1 of AH2 mA, 20 min, 3.5 cm2No
Kaski [51]tDCS&PT1AS: Central leg areas M1 (10–20% anterior to the vertex)2 mA, 15 min, 40 cm2No
Lattari [52]tDCS1AS: LH DLPFC2 mA, 20 min, 35 cm2No
Mak [53]tDCS5AS: M1NA, 20 min, NANo
Manenti [54]tDCS2AS: RH DLPFC2 mA, 7 min, 35 cm2No
Schabrun [55]tDCS&GT9AS: LH M12 mA, 20 min, 35 cm2Yes (12wks)
Swank [56]tDCS1A&CM: Bi DLPFC (A-tDCS on LH & C-tDCS on RH)2 mA, 20 min, NANo
Valentino [57]tDCS5AS: Central leg areas M12 mA, 20 min, NAYes (4wks)
Verheyden [58]tDCS1AS: LH M11 mA, 15 min, NANo
Yotnuengnit [59]tDCS&PT6AS: Central leg areas M12 mA, 30 min, 35 cm2Yes (8wks)
  1. Abbreviations: A anodal tDCS, AH affected hemisphere, Bi bilateral, C cathodal tDCS, DLPFC dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, GT gait training, LH left hemisphere, M multiple targeted brain regions, M1 primary motor cortex, NA not applicable, PFC prefrontal cortex, PMC premotor cortex, PT physical training, RH right hemisphere, S single targeted brain region, TT treadmill training, wks weeks (retention period)