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Table 5 Correlation analysis of SB parameters and clinical scales

From: Effects of virtual reality-based planar motion exercises on upper extremity function, range of motion, and health-related quality of life: a multicenter, single-blinded, randomized, controlled pilot study

Task Free exploration Point-to-point reaching Circle drawing
Parameter EAR MRD ECT TE MT Sm SC Ro CCT
FMA-total 0.360* 0.414** −0.210 − 0.063 − 0.112 0.342* 0.185 0.089 −0.232
FMA-prox 0.412** 0.478** −0.146 −0.069 − 0.152 0.397** 0.228 0.107 −0.240
FMA-dist 0.311* 0.348* −0.267 −0.055 − 0.060 0.267 0.109 0.036 −0.223
FMA-coor 0.172 0.138 −0.134 −0.006 − 0.028 0.069 0.120 0.019 −0.083
WMFT-FAS 0.475** 0.521** −0.297* −0.245 − 0.228 0.449** 0.219 0.045 −0.287*
WMFT-time −0.400** −0.441** 0.139 0.277 0.363* −0.344* −0.261 − 0.041 0.303*
AROM-Sf 0.577** 0.635** −0.240 −0.203 − 0.252 0.424** 0.376** −0.009 − 0.084
AROM-Se −0.081 − 0.025 −0.133 − 0.226 −0.223 0.045 0.090 −0.046 0.109
AROM-Sab 0.337* 0.389** −0.380** −0.052 − 0.157 0.213 0.261 −0.009 − 0.183
AROM-Sad 0.465** 0.470** < −0.001 −0.041 − 0.395** 0.378** 0.270 0.007 0.001
AROM-Sint 0.505** 0.503** −0.199 −0.015 − 0.441** 0.324* 0.238 0.063 − 0.309*
AROM-Sext 0.441** 0.497** −0.299* −0.173 − 0.050 0.072 0.141 0.098 −0.178
AROM-total 0.529** 0.592** −0.337* −0.186 − 0.344* 0.364* 0.353* 0.009 −0.155
  1. EAR Explored area ratio (%), MRD Mean reaching distance (cm), ECT Exploration completion time (s), TE Target error (cm), MT Movement time (s), Sm Smoothness, SC Shape closeness, Ro Roundness, CCT Circle completion time (s), FMA Fugl–Meyer assessment (FMA-total, FMA-proximal, FMA-distal, FMA-coordination), WMFT Wolf motor function test (WMFT-total, WMFT-functional ability scale, WMFT-time), AROM Active range of motion (Sf Shoulder flexion, Sab Shoulder abduction, Sad Shoulder adduction, Sint Shoulder internal rotation, Sext Shoulder external rotation)
  2. The number means correlation coefficient (R) and P-values are presented as *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01