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Table 4 Compensation for impaired position sense with normal vision

From: Vision does not always help stroke survivors compensate for impaired limb position sense

Measure Factor Group Subjects Impaired with OV Compensation with NV
  Full Partial Absent
Var   All subjects 177 116 (66%) 23 (20%) 37 (32%) 56 (48%)
More affected side of body Left-affected 108 87 (81%) 13 (15%) 29 (33%) 45 (52%)
Right-affected 69 29 (42%) 10 (34%) 8 (28%) 11 (38%)
Vascular Territory MCA 117 79 (68%) 14 (18%) 28 (35%) 37 (47%)
PCA 22 16 (73%) 5 (31%) 3 (19%) 8 (50%)
ACA 6 2 (33%) 0 (0%) 1 (50%) 1 (50%)
Brainstem 14 9 (64%) 1 (11%) 3 (33%) 5 (56%)
Cerebellar 3 1 (33%) 0 (0%) 1 (100%) 0 (0%)
Perceptual Impairment Spatial Neglect 23 21 (91%) 2 (10%) 8 (38%) 11 (52%)
Visual Defect 13 6 (46%) 0 (0%) 1 (17%) 5 (83%)
Both 19 19 (100%) 1 (5%) 5 (26%) 13 (68%)
Neither 122 70 (57%) 20 (29%) 23 (33%) 27 (39%)
C/E   All subjects 177 91 (51%) 42 (46%) 8 (9%) 41 (45%)
More affected side of body Left-affected 108 66 (61%) 26 (39%) 6 (11%) 34 (52%)
Right-affected 69 25 (36%) 16 (64%) 2 (8%) 7 (28%)
Vascular Territory MCA 117 63 (54%) 28 (44%) 3 (5%) 32 (51%)
PCA 22 16 (73%) 10 (63%) 2 (13%) 4 (25%)
ACA 6 2 (33%) 1 (50%) 0 (0%) 1 (50%)
Brainstem 14 1 (7%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 1 (100%)
Cerebellar 3 2 (67%) 2 (100%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Perceptual Impairment Spatial Neglect 23 20 (87%) 3 (15%) 2 (10%) 15 (75%)
Visual Defect 13 5 (38%) 2 (40%) 1 (20%) 2 (40%)
Both 19 15 (79%) 4 (27%) 2 (13%) 9 (60%)
Neither 122 51 (42%) 33 (65%) 3 (6%) 15 (29%)
Shift   All subjects 177 52 (29%) 32 (62%) 3 (6%) 17 (33%)
More affected side of body Left-affected 108 38 (35%) 19 (50%) 3 (8%) 16 (42%)
Right-affected 69 14 (20%) 13 (93%) 0 (0%) 1 (7%)
Vascular Territory MCA 117 39 (33%) 23 (59%) 3 (8%) 13 (33%)
PCA 22 4 (18%) 3 (75%) 0 (0%) 1 (25%)
ACA 6 2 (33%) 1 (50%) 0 (0%) 1 (50%)
Brainstem 14 3 (21%) 3 (100%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Cerebellar 3 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Perceptual Impairment Spatial Neglect 23 11 (48%) 5 (45%) 0 (0%) 6 (55%)
Visual Defect 13 3 (23%) 0 (0%) 1 (33%) 2 (67%)
Both 19 11 (58%) 6 (55%) 1 (9%) 4 (36%)
Neither 122 27 (22%) 21 (78%) 1 (4%) 5 (19%)
  1. OV occluded vision, NV normal vision