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Table 3 Biomechanical metrics evaluated during pedaling trials at 30 RPM

From: Changes in leg cycling muscle synergies after training augmented by functional electrical stimulation in subacute stroke survivors: a pilot study

  T1 T2 p-value Healthy values [11] p-value (T1 vs H) § p-value (T2 vs H) §
Affected Work 27.76 [25.91] 29.99 [27.61] 0.027* 43.70 [3.52] 0.053 0.074
Unaffected Work 30.28 [26.69] 41.50 [26.58] 0.250 43.70 [3.52] 0.102 0.239
Affected IE 0.30 [0.18] 0.35 [0.20] 0.055 0.34 [0.06] 0.184 0.732
Unaffected IE 0.31 [0.25] 0.29 [0.13] 0.426 0.34 [0.06] 0.569 0.239
ASI Unaff vs Aff 0.78 [0.20] 0.83 [0.03] 0.359 0.86 [0.04] 0.014* 0.025*
ASI Aff vs Healthy 0.48 [0.25] 0.52 [0.23] 0.004* 0.89 [0.07] < 0.001* < 0.001*
ASI Unaff vs Healthy 0.52 [0.17] 0.60 [0.19] 0.020* 0.89 [0.07] < 0.001* < 0.001*
  1. Values are presented as median [IQR]; T1 Pre-treatment, T2 Post-treatment, H Healthy group, Aff Affected Leg, Unaff Unaffected leg, IE Index of mechanical Efficiency, ASI Area Symmetry Index
  2. † Wilcoxon signed rank Test; § Mann-Whitney U Test; *p < 0.05