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Table 4 Longitudinal changes in synergy complexity metrics

From: Changes in leg cycling muscle synergies after training augmented by functional electrical stimulation in subacute stroke survivors: a pilot study

Synergy complexity Side T1 T2 p-value† (T1 vs T2) p-value † (T1 aff vs unaff) p-value † (T2 aff vs unaff) Healthy values [11] p-value (T1 vs H) p-value (T2 vs H)
N synergies Aff 3 [1] 3 [1] 0.405 0.196 0.750 4 [1] 0.132χ 0.071χ
Unaff 4 [1] 3 [1] 0.046* 0.590χ 0.085χ
VAF1 Aff 0.64 [0.08] 0.65 [0.09] 0.185 < 0.001* 0.004* 0.61 [0.08] 0.553§ 0.919§
Unaff 0.58 [0.07] 0.60 [0.08] 0.385 0.001§* 0.054§
  1. Values are presented as median [IQR]; VAF1 Variance Accounted For of one synergy, T1 Pre-intervention, T2 Post-intervention, H Healthy group, Aff Affected Leg, Unaff Unaffected leg, H Healthy Group
  2. † Wilcoxon signed rank Test. χ Pearson’s Chi-squared Test; § Mann-Whitney U Test; *p < 0.05