Skip to main content

Table 2 Learning effect analysis with a two-way repeated measures ANOVA

From: Kinematic parameters obtained with the ArmeoSpring for upper-limb assessment after stroke: a reliability and learning effect study for guiding parameter use

  Inter-session effect (among 3 sessions) Intra-session effect (among 10 trials)
S1 F-value; p-value F-value; p-value T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 T9 T10
TaskTime (s) S3 4.23; p < 0.05 7.59; p < 0.0001 T2–T10 T9
MovementTime(s) S3 9.71; p < 0.001 9.96; p < 0.0001 T7–T10 T7–T10 T9–T10 T9–T10 T9–T10 T9–T10
PeakVel (cm/s)
HPR S2/S3 10.69; p < 0.001 5.74; p < 0.0001 T9–T10 T6, T9–T10 T9 T9
nPeak S2/S3 11.16; p < 0.001 10.76; p < 0.0001 T4, T6–T10 T3–T4, T6–T10 T10
Score (%) 3.59; p < 0.01 T2, T5–T10
  1. HPR, hand path ratio (dimensionless); MovementTime, movement time; nPeak, number of velocity peaks; PeakVel, peak velocity; Score, the game score corresponding to the number of balls reached divided by the total number of balls that could be reached; S1, session 1; S3, session 3; TaskTime, task time; T1 to T10, trials 1 to 10. The second column report the session(s) significantly different from session 1 (S1). The columns of the intra-session effect report the trial(s) significantly different from each other