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Table 2 Comparison of the performance between the ACT and PSV groups at T0, T1 and T2

From: A comparison of the effects and usability of two exoskeletal robots with and without robotic actuation for upper extremity rehabilitation among patients with stroke: a single-blinded randomised controlled pilot study

Variable ACT group (n = 10) PSV group (n = 9) Time * Group
T0 T1 T2 T0 T1 T2 F p-value
SIS-overall 55.6 ± 12.2 57.9 ± 13.8 59.3 ± 14.1 59.0 ± 13.2 61.8 ± 14.3 63.7 ± 12.7 0.031 0.970
SIS-function 62.1 ± 16.7 56.0 ± 17.0 55.7 ± 15.6 59.5 ± 21.6 65.2 ± 20.8 71.5 ± 18.5 4.965 0.013
SIS-physical 37.3 ± 11.4 42.1 ± 12.6 44.9 ± 14.7 52.8 ± 14.8 49.3 ± 11.6 53.7 ± 16.0 1.765 0.187
SIS-strength 15.3 ± 13.7 23.0 ± 16.3 30.0 ± 18.6 32.1 ± 13.0 34.0 ± 20.9 44.4 ± 19.0 0.301 0.742
SIS-ADL/IADLs 62.6 ± 17.5 59.2 ± 18.8 63.4 ± 16.6 65.7 ± 20.3 67.2 ± 18.5 69.2 ± 24.0 0.261 0.772
SIS-social participation 61.5 ± 26.7 52.8 ± 30.3 47.9 ± 28.9 53.3 ± 24.8 63.1 ± 26.2 73.8 ± 24.4 6.388 0.004
  1. ACT, active-assistive robotic intervention; PSV, passive robotic intervention; SIS, Stroke Impact Scale; IADLs, instrumental ADLs; ADLs, activities of daily living