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Table 4 Overview of activities and measures regarding upper extremities as well as the corresponding study populations and study designs

From: Systematic review on the application of wearable inertial sensors to quantify everyday life motor activity in people with mobility impairments

Activity Measure Diagnosis/impairment group Study design
Non-specific hand and arm use
 n/a Duration/laterality Parkinson’s disease [40], Rotator cuff syndrome [30], stroke [46, 47, 58, 89, 103, 104] Case/control [103], classification accuracy [40, 46, 47, 58, 103, 104], clinical validity [40, 89, 103], observational [30]
 n/a Entropy Arthritis [105] Case/control [105]
 n/a Range of motion   
Shoulder Rotator cuff syndrome [56], stroke [34, 106] Observational [34, 56, 106]
Elbow Stroke [34] Observational [34]
Wrist and finger Stroke [107] Observational [107]
Specific hand and arm movements
 Reaching # and duration of reaching activities Parkinson’s disease [72], stroke [34, 108,109,110,111] Classification accuracy [72, 108,109,110,111], observational [34]
Reaching distance Stroke [58] Observational [58]
Reaching direction Parkinson’s disease [72], stroke [58] Classification accuracy [72], observational [58]
 Lifting sth. to the mouth Duration Stroke [57, 108,109,110,111] Classification accuracy [57, 108,109,110,111]
 Pouring sth. (pro-/supination) Duration Stroke [108,109,110,111] Classification accuracy [108,109,110,111]
Specific hand and arm activities
 Writing and reading Duration Parkinson’s disease [42] Classification accuracy [42]
 Opening a door Duration Arthritis [87], stroke [88] Classification accuracy [87, 88]
 Hair combing Duration Stroke [57, 112] Classification accuracy [57, 112]
 Eating Duration Parkinson’s disease [42], stroke [112], miscellaneous [113] Classification accuracy [42, 112, 113]
 Drinking Duration Stroke [112] Classification accuracy [112]
 Tooth brushing, shirt buttoning, pant lifting, food cutting Duration Stroke [57] Classification accuracy [57]