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Table 1 Patient characteristics and secondary outcome measurements at baseline

From: Adaptive conjunctive cognitive training (ACCT) in virtual reality for chronic stroke patients: a randomized controlled pilot trial

CharacteristicsEG (n = 19)CG (n = 19)p
 n (%)χ2
Gender, female8 (42.11%)7 (36.84%).33
Impaired limb, right8 (42.11%)5 (26.32%).62
Etiology  .39
 Ischemic10 (52.63%)14 (73.68%) 
 Hemorrhagic7 (36.84 %)5 (26.32%)
 Capsulo lenticular1 (5.26%)--
 Undefined1 (5.26%)--
 Mean (SD) – Median [2.5th – 97.5th percentile]Ws
Age, years63.63 (6.73) –
63 [53.00 – 76.00]
67.21 (6.45) –
68 [57.00 – 76.00]
.15
Days after stroke851.16 (805.26) –
620 [192.00 – 3211.00]
12625.9 (1376.1) –
625 [190.00 – 5805.00]
.32
MoCA20.32 (3.92) –
21 [12.00 – 25.00]
20.05 (3.79) –
20 [12.00 – 25.00]
.76
MMSE27 (2.08) –
27 [23.00 – 30.00]
26.68 (2.31) –
27 [22.00 – 29.00]
.79
MRC3.79 (0.71) –
4 [3.00 – 4.00]
3.26 (1.28) –
4 [3.00 – 4.00]
.36
FM-UE53.79 (14.36) –
60 [15.00 – 66.00]
50.44 (19.45) –
62 [5.00 – 66.00]
.74
BI95 (7.63) –
100 [80.00 – 100.00]
86.11 (20.04) –
95 [20.00 – 100.00]
.15
  1. BI Barthel Index, CG control group, EG experimental group, FM-UE Fugl-Meyer Assessment for the upper limb, SD standard deviation, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment, MRC Medical Research Council Scale, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, X2 Pearson Chi-square statistic, Ws Wilcoxon’s rank-sum test