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Table 5 Mean across subjects of the maximum joint reaction forces at hip, knee and ankle for different muscle recruitment approaches

From: A fair and EMG-validated comparison of recruitment criteria, musculotendon models and muscle coordination strategies, for the inverse-dynamics based optimization of muscle forces during gait

  SO-I SO-II SO-III SO-IV PHY1 PHY2 PHY3 Syn03
Hip 7.1 9.0 6.6 8.9 7.4 7.3 9.2 11.9
Knee 4.4 5.6 3.7 5.5 4.5 4.5 5.7 7.1
Ankle 8.4 8.1 8.0 8.8 8.5 8.5 8.1 11.5